Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||Faculty of Integrated Human Studies, Kyoto University|
FUKUI Katsuyoshi Professor, Faculty of Integrated Human Studies, Kyoto University, 総合人間学部, 教授 (60014510)
栗本 英世 国立民族学博物館, 第3研究部, 助教授 (10192569)
出口 顕 島根大学, 法文学部, 助教授 (20172116)
稗田 乃 大阪外国語大学, 外国語学部, 助教授 (90181057)
堀 信行 東京都立大学, 理学部, 助教授 (40087143)
栗田 禎子 国立民族学博物館, 第3研究部, 助手 (10225261)
大塚 和夫 東京都立大学, 人文学部, 助教授 (70142015)
松園 万亀雄 東京都立大学, 人文学部, 教授 (00061408)
KURITA Yoshiko Research Fellow, 3rd Research Dept., National Museum of Ethnology
KURIMOTO Eisei Assoc. Professor, 3rd Research Dept., National Museum of Ethnology
DEGUCHI Akira Assoc. Professor, Faculty of Law and Culture, Shimane University
OHTSUKA Kazuo Assoc. Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities, Tokyo Metropolitan Un
HIEDA Osamu Assoc. Professor, Dept. of Area Studies, Osaka University of Foreign Studies
MATSUZONO Makio Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities, Tokyo Metropolitan Universit
HORI Nobuyuki Assoc. Professor, Faculty of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University
|Project Fiscal Year
1992 – 1993
Completed(Fiscal Year 1993)
|Budget Amount *help
¥24,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥24,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥12,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥12,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥12,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥12,000,000)
|Keywords||Northeast Africa / Ethiopia / Sudan / Inter-ethnic conflict / Ethnicity and state / Ethno-genesis / 北東アフリカ / エチオピア / スーダン / 民族の生成 / 民族間紛争 / 国家と民族 / 近代化と民族 / 民族間関係 / 民族間の戦い / 近代国家形成下の民族 / 植民地統治下の民族|
The aim of this International Research Program is to study ethnic conflict and genesis in northeast Africa--mainly Sudan and Ethiopia--by intensive anthropological field research on various ethnic groups and then by a systematic comparative study of the results. The ethnic groups studied show a great variety in different aspects : ecological environments, economy, social organization, religion, and the extent of state encapsulation. The research topic and location of each member of the Program are as follows.
FUKUI Katsuyoshi : cattle pastoralists in southwestern Ethiopia ; inter-ethnic conflict and ethno-geneis ; research coordination with Sudanese and Ethiopian counterparts.
MATSUZONO Makio : Omotic subsistence agriculturists in southeastern Ethiopia ; social organization and inter-ethnic relation, the relation with state.
HIEDA Osamu : comparative linguistics of the Surma and Nilotic language ; cultural and historical contacts.
KURIMOTO Eisei : Nilotic peoples in western Ethiopia ; inte
r-ethnic conflict and the socialist regime.
OHTSUKA Kazuo : Arab peasant village on the Nile, northern Sudan ; irrigation cash crop agriculture, social and religious organizations, and the relation to state.
HORI Nobuyuki : Flood cultivation of millet in Yokar delta on the Red Sea coast ; ethnic relation among the peasants.
DEGUCHI Akira : British colonial policy on the peoples of southern Sudan ; its effects on inter-ethnic relation.
KURITA Yoshiko : agricultural workers and peasants in Gezira region, Sudan ; inter-ethnic relation and history in relation to state.
The Research Program has proved the relevance and appropriateness of the multiple approach to the issue of ethnic conflict and genesis. In the adopted approach studied are not only inter-ethnic relations but also ethnic groups' relation to state, encroachment pf government policy and market economy. The inter-disciplinary composition of the members also helped to achieve the end. We also believe that the Program will be relevant to understand and, hopefully, to find a solution to on-going violent ethnic conflicts in northeast Africa. Less