杜 宝生 東北内蒙古石炭公社, 多種経営公社, 副社長
沙 興中 華東化工学院, 資源化学・工学系, 教授
朱 起明 清華大学, 化学系, 教授
程 懋杆 中国科学院, 山西石炭化学研究所, 教授(副所長)
郭 樹才 大連理工大学, 石炭化学研究所, 教授
諸岡 成治 九州大学, 工学部, 教授 (60011079)
加部 利明 東京農工大学, 工学部, 教授 (50092482)
飯野 雅 東北大学, 反応研, 教授 (10006306)
乾 智行 京都大学, 工学部, 教授 (60025989)
程 懋〓 中国科学院, 山西石炭化学研究所, 教授
DU Bao-Sheng China Northeast-Nei Monggol Join Coal Industry Co. Deputy Manager Diversificatio
SHA Xing-Zhong Department of Energy Resources, East China University of Chemical Technology
CHENG Mao-Wei Institute of Coal Chemistry, Taiyuan, Chinese Academy of Science
GUO Shu-Cai College of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology
KABE Toshiaki Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
MORO-OKA Shigeharu Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University
INUI Tomoyuki Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University
IINO Masashi Institute for Chemical Reaction Science, Tohoku University
This year, we have investigated following five subjects ; 1. studies on advanced pretreatment of coal (Profs.Moro-oka and Cheng), 2. deep desulfurization of coal derived liquids (Profs.Kabe and Sha), 3. studies on extractive liquefaction (Profs.Iino and Guo), 4. studies on development of new method for coke production (Profs.Nomura, Guo, and Dr.Du), and 5. studies on development of catalysts for production of chemicals from CO and CO_2 (Profs.Inui and Zhu).
As to subject No.1, we have carried out following experiments ; Methyl, ethyl, octyl, naphthylmentyl or tetralylmethyl groups were introduced to a brown coal by O-alkylation. Then the alkylated coal was pyrolyzed in a fixed-bed reactor. The most significant increase in the tar yield was observed with octylated coal. Then, some low-rank coals were impregnated and coated with some long paraffinic alcohol or polyolefins (polyethylene and polypropylene) by heating at around 200 ^ﾟC. The resulting coals were pyrolyzed in an entrained-flow
reactor. Both alcohol increased effectively the yield of volatile matters and liquid products.
As to subject No.2, in order to estimate the mobility of sulfur on the catalyst during desulfurization, hydrodesulfurization of ^<35>S-labeled dibenzothiophenewas investigated by using sulfided Ni-Mo/Al_2O_3 catalyst. It was clarified that the amount of labile sulfur changed greatly depending on reaction conditions. Further, it was suggested that sulfurs having a bonding manner of Ni-S-Mo would be labile.
As to No.3, we found that for bituminous coals, the extraction yield with a mixed solvent of carbon disulfid-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone was increased by the heat treatment at 175-300 ^ﾟC in hydrogen donating solvent such as 9, 10-dihydroanthracene and 1, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10-hexahydroanthracene. On the other hand, the yield enhancement was found to be very small for a brown coal.
As to subject No.4, in order to develop a new continuous method for coke production with energy saving, we have carried out following experiments ; Cokes were prepared by the rapid heating up to 340 ^ﾟC, compression at 250 ^ﾟC under 342 kgf/cm^2, followed by carbonization at 800 ^ﾟC for 2h. The tensile strength of the cokes prepared from Goonyella, Witbank, and Byron Creek coals were 45, 6, and 2 kgf/cm^2, respectively. The tensile strength of the cokes obtained from the latter two coals was increased by keeping volatile materials in it during the reaction and/or adding of coal tar pitch to it.
As to subject No.5, application of metallosilicate catalysts to various coal conversion processes was examined. In the gasoline synthesis from syngas and CO_2-H_2 via methanol using serially connected reactors, H-Fe-silicate adopted for the second stage reactor predominantly afforded iso-mono-internal-olefins. Selective hydrogenation of these olefins to isoparaffin-rich gasoline was achieved by Pt-loaded non-metal-silicate. In upgrading of a coal liquid fraction, H-Ga-silicate has excellent performance for the formation of aromatics.
This year, we have invited 10 researchers from China and discussed above subjects with them.