Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||School of Human Sciences, Waseda University|
HIKI Shizuo Waseda University, 人間科学部, 教授 (50006227)
FOURCIN Adrian University College London, England, ロンドン大学 University College London,En, 教授
SPENS Karl-Erik Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, 王立工科大学 Royal Institute of Technol, 研究員
BLAMEY Peter Melbourn University, Australia, メルボルン大学 Melbourn University,Aust, 研究員
ENGEBRETSON A.メイナード アメリカワシントン大学 Washington University, U. S. A., 教授
HOCHMAIR Erwin S. Innsbruk University, Austria, Aust, 教授
LEVITT Harry City University of New York, U.S.A., 教授
RISBERG Arne Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, 教授
FUKUDA Yumiko National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled, 研究所, 研究員 (60147014)
KAMATA Kazuo Utsunomiya University, 工学部, 教授 (80016609)
WATANABE Akira Kumamoto University, 工学部, 教授 (50040382)
IFUKUBE Tohru Hokkaido University, 電子科学研究所, 教授 (70002102)
ONUMA Naoki Tsukuba College of Technology, 教授 (20169022)
ENGEBRETSON A.Maynard Washington University, U.S.A.
PETER Blamey オーストラリア, メルボルン大学 Melbourn University,Aust, 研究員
ADRIAN Fourc イギリス, ロンドン大学 University College London,En, 教授
A.MAYNARD En アメリカ, ワシントン大学 Washington University,U. S. A, 教授
KARLーERIC Sp スウェーデン, 王立工科大学 Royal Institute of Technol, 研究員
ERWIN S.Hoch オーストリア, インスブルック大学 Innsbruk University,Aus, 教授
HARRY Levitt アメリカ, ニューヨーク市立大学 City University of New Y, 教授
ARNE Risberg スウェーデン, 王立工科大学 Royal Institute of Technol, 教授
|Project Period (FY)
1992 – 1993
Completed(Fiscal Year 1993)
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥2,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
|Keywords||sensory disorders / speech perception ability / supplemental sensory aids / substitutive sensory aids / artificial hearing / hearing aids / speech reading|
Artificial hearing, such as electrical stimulation of auditory nerves and mechanical stimulation through the tactile sensation on skin surface, introduced a possibility of utilizing speech sound to profoundly hearing -impaired people. While the numbers of users increasing rapidly in the world for more than twenty years, further improvement on functional aspects of their devices had not made progress than expected.
For the research on this improvement, however, it is necessary to gather the data of detailed evaluation experiments on speech perception ability through the proposed artificial hearing devices. As such experiments require comprehensive observation of informative users of the devices over a long period, the reliable data can be obtained only in the capable research organizations. Above all, such rare experiments are being done with speech in different language of the subjects, so that the results can not be compared directly among each other.
In order to overcome this serious problem, researchers in Sweden, Austria, United Kingdom, the United States, Australia and Japan, who have been most active in research and development of the artificial hearing in the world, have joined in a research group in this program, and possibility of standardizing evaluation method internationally has been investigated through the exchange visits between counterpart countries and Japan during these two years period.
As the results, a new strategy of converting the results of evaluation experiments in different language mutually has been derived, based on the detailed analysis of characteristics of speech processing mechanism in the artificial hearing devices, and it has been shown to be possible to settle common evaluation criteria for speech perception ability through the artificial hearing.