WATANABE Terumasa TOHOKU UNIVERSITY,Department of Educational Sience, Assistant, 教育学部, 助手 (90240506)
MIZUSIMA Kazunori TOHOKU UNIVERSITY,Department of Educational Sience, Assistant, 教育学部, 助手 (00219627)
SAKANE Harumi TOHOKU UNIVERSITY,Department of Educational Sience, Assistant, 教育学部, 助手 (40187026)
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥4,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,100,000)
Recently, the Japanese University, as the American University, has been described as having three major functions-research, teaching, and public service. These three are often spoken of as equally important with each essential to the strength of the other two. This research intend to examine this dubious doctrine of the equal trinity-research, teaching, service, especially focusing on the introduction of "Cooperative agricultural Extension Service" from United State and the developing process of university extension in Japan after World War II.
By the way, one of main streams of American University Extension Movements is "Cooperative agricultural Extension Service". Especially, this service is tightly associated with American Land-Grant colleges and universities. After World War II,when this system was introduced from United States, they were not in close cooperation with university and were organized as separate entities outside of university in Japan.
In this Report, mainly we examined
this adapting process of "Cooperative agricultural Extension Service" to Japan from United State. As a result, Japanese Government at that time had no confidence in "competence" of the Japanese University to serve the community in agricultural advisory work.
In any case, the public service function, or the third function of university is some linking mechanism, bridging the gap between university and its surrounding community, some means of breaching the university walls and confronting outside need and reality.
Nevertheless, when we examine "university and community" relations in Japan, university has not the fullest confidence of community and university did feel a moral obligation to serve the community, but this extended service, idealistic in some measure, was never thought of as central to its objectives. Thus the formulation of a satisfactory philosophy of public service is a task of the greatest urgency. it is, at the time, one of the most difficult assignments facing the Japanese University today. Less