|Budget Amount *help
¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1992 : ¥1,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,400,000)
In the Sengoku-period, since Jesuit Missionary tried to do their best to expand their doctrine based on the methods of Visitador Varignano, church in each village became the center of the faith, and then, by the development of the economical relationship among each village, the line of the faith became to expand along revers.
Since TOYOTOMI & TOKUGAWA Shogunate prohibited the Chiristian Doctrine, MIZERICORDIA which had been developed as mutual charity organization, changed to CONFRARIA which was religious organization without church. In the TOYOTOMI regime, the Medicant order based on Philippine came to Japan, and then, rose conflict with the Society of Jesus to get many Christians in CONFRARIA.Consequently, both of the missionaries were persecuted by the Shogunate regime.
2. Trade System
(1) Market price of the silk in the Japan-Macao trade was controlled by ITOWAPPU (package deal) through Japanese marchants, Britain and the Neterlands, used the HIRADO port as navel logi
stic base, arrested the merch ant vessels of Portugal, and prevent passage. By the reduction of trade profit, Portugal faced to the shortage of fund, and asked the credit to Japanese merchants(NAGEGIN), and converted the silk to higher quality silk textile to get the high profit.
Then the Netherlands occupied Taiwan and developed trade, mainly silk, through Taiwan ports. Around that Netherlands occupied Taiwan and developed trade, mainly silk, through Taiwan ports. Around that time, Chinese merchant vessels shipping silk could visit nagasaki, Shin authority reduced embargo, and then, silk market in Japan had been stabilized.
(2) Nevertheless the reduction of the nevessity of portugal trade, most of the people in the TOKUGAWA regime hoped to keep the trade with Portugal to get the profit of the investment. generally, it is said that Shogunate IEMITSU TOKUGAWA prohibited the visit of the Portugal vessels, nominally the Missionaries, on purpose of consolidate his own dictatorship. However, my view is as follows : SAKOKU(closed country) was to put the Netherlands' naval power under the control of TOKUGAWA Shogunate by giving the Netherlands the right of trade. In return, TOKUGAWA Shogunate got the right of navigation in the sea around East Asia at last. Less