Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||The University of Tokyo|
TSUCHIDA Shigeru Faculty of Letters, the University of Tokyo Professor, 文学部, 教授 (90014505)
清水 純 日本大学, 経済学部, 助教授 (30192610)
笠原 政治 横浜国立大学, 教育学部, 助教授 (70130747)
森口 恒一 静岡大学, 人文学部, 教授 (10145279)
山田 幸広 姫路独協大学, 外国語学部, 教授 (00036659)
KASAHARA Masaharu F.of Education, Yokohama National University Associate Professor
SHIMIZU Jun Faculty of Economics, Nihon University Associate Professor
YAMADA Yukihiro F.of Foreign Languages, Himeji Dokkyo Univ.Professor
MORIGUCHI Tsunekazu Faculty of Humanities, Shizuoka University Professor
|Project Fiscal Year
1993 – 1995
Completed(Fiscal Year 1994)
|Budget Amount *help
¥10,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥5,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,000,000)
|Keywords||Formosan aborigines / Philippines / sinicized populations / minority groups / oral traditions / folk taxonomy / 台湾先住民族 / 高砂族 / 平埔族 / フィリピン / 少数民族 / 伝説 / 漢化 / 民族分類 / サオ語 / サイシヤット語 / イトバヤット語 / ブヌン語 / カラオ語 / バブヤン語 / ルカイ族 / カバラン族|
The project aims at collecting as much as possible the linguistic and anthropological data of the Austronesian minority groups in Taiwan and the Philippines, which are on the verge of extinction. Field work was conducted in the above two countries for the period of two years (1993-1994), and the following results were obtained.
1.TSUCHIDA collected about 2,000 lexical items of Saisiyat and Thao in Taiwan. It turned out that it is already hard to find anybody who remembers their own myths and oral traditions in both languages.
2.YAMADA made a research on Itbayat (Philippines) syntax, folk taxonomy to reveal people's way of environment cognition, fish names, and analysis of folktales.
3.MORIGUCHI collected more than 20 Bunun (Taiwan) texts, basic vocabulary, basic grammatical items ; Ibatan/Babuyan/Karao/Kalinga/Surigao (the Philippines) vocabulary. grammatical information, and texts.
4.KASAHARA conducted field work mainly on the Rukai people (Taiwan), and secondarily on the Saaroa/Puyuma/Paiwan peoples surrounding them. He found that the younger generation of the Rukai have lost most of their own oral traditions, and are taking over quite a number of outside elements from the surrounding populations.
5.SHIMIZU made a research on the current situation of the two sinicized ethnic groups on the eastern coast of Taiwan : the Kavalan and the Tangavulan. On the uprise of their ethnic identity, the Kavalan people started to teach their language, but without the knowledge of expressing various difficult phonemes of Kavalan, they are facing a difficult problem to make a primer and texts to begin with. The Tangavulan languages has already become extinct, and even the family register recorded in the Meiji era was lost.