奥田 敦 国際大学, 中東研究所, 助手研究員 (50224150)
櫻井 秀子 国際大学, 中東研究所, (講師)研究員 (60203345)
ABDUS Samad 国際大学, 中東研究所, 講師研究員 (80212538)
真田 芳憲 中央大学, 法学部, 教授 (50055167)
湯浅 赳男 新潟大学, 経済学部, 教授 (00018095)
寺尾 誠 慶応義塾大学, 経済学部, 教授 (30051189)
黒田 美代子 駒沢女子大学, 人文学部, 助教授 (80277897)
ハーリド マーグート アレッポ大学, 伝統科学研究所, 所長
MAGHOUT Khaled Institute for the History of Arabic Science Aleppo University
SANADA Yoshiaki Faculty of law Chuo University
UASA Takeo Faculty of Economics Niigata University
TERAO Makoto Faculty of Economics keio University
SAKURAI Hideko Institute of Middle Eastern Studies International University of Japan
KURODA Miyoko Faculty of Human Science Komazawa Women's College
|Budget Amount *help
¥22,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥22,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥8,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥8,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,000,000)
We have carried out the following research activities in this year.
(1) Field research in Syria
In addition to the field researches on small khan in the suq in Aleppo in the last two years, we have started to make a research on the manufacturing industries in the private sector. In the researches, we have visited a factory of soap, which is one of the traditional products in Aleppo, and a modern type of factory of garments and of plastic products. The research items are formations of companies, positions of entrepreneurs, organizations for craftsmen and artisans, systems of empolyment, types of negotiation, manufacuturing's relationships with the suq, influences of liberalization policies on manufacturing and so on. As seen in the suq, a direct involvement of an entrepreneur in management is gerenally found. It can be said that there is no separation between ownership and management in terms of modern type of management. Another important point is that a scale of indutry is relatively sm
all, and a main strategy is to produce a variety of goods in small lot for realizing <economy of scope>, not<economy of scale>.
(2) Invitation of Syrian co-investigators to Japan.
We invited Syrian co-investigators, Dr.K.Maghout and Dr.N.Sukkar to Japan for concluding the three-years' research program and presenting the results in public. For this purpose, we hold the open seminars in Tokyo, Niigata, Kyoto, Osaka, and kanagawa. In the seminars, both the traditional aspects and the present state policies were focused, and there was a vigorous discussion going on.
(3) Traslations of Original texts and construction of theory.
The characteristic of this program, which should be herewith specifically referred to, is a research method for examining the situations of the suq, which is based on a new theory having been developed by translating and examining the original texts of the related subjects. This project has mainly focused on the traditional suq economy, which has been neglected and never been examined seriously. It was not an easy task, but we could succeed in making clearer the functions and structure of the suq economy by examining the actual situations and developing the theory. Less