Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||University of the Ryukyus|
IKEDA Takayuki University of the Ryukyus, Professor, 教養部, 教授 (70145548)
MATSUOKA Mar カリフォルニア大学, 研究員
山口 洋子 あい造園設計事務所, 沖縄事務所, 代表
備瀬 ヒロ子 (株)都市科学政策研究所, 主任研究員
清水 肇 琉球大学, 教養部, 講師 (40244280)
國吉 真哉 都市科学政策研究所, 研究員
平良 博紀 沖縄地域科学研究所, 研究員
TAIRA Hironori Institute of OKinawa Regional Sciences, Researcher
YAMAGUCHI Yoko Institute of Land Scape Architecture AI,Chief
KUNIYOSI Sanechika Institute of Scientific Approach for City, Researcher
SHIMIZU Hajime University of the Ryukyus, Lecturer
MATSUOKA Martha m. University of California, Researcher
|Project Fiscal Year
1993 – 1994
Completed(Fiscal Year 1994)
|Budget Amount *help
¥11,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥11,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥5,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,500,000)
|Keywords||Okinawa after World War II / U.S.C.A.R / Regional & City / Planning Method / 戦後沖縄 / 琉球列島米国民政府 / 地域・都市計画 / 計画技術|
At the same time as the completion of the Second World War of August, 1945 Okinawa was separated from Japan. Okinawa entered under the occupation of U.S.. Thereafter, for about 27 years to return to the Japan proper of May, 1972, Okinawa had a special experience that carries out City Planning under the reign of U.S.. Okinawa City Planning of this time will show the phenomenon that Japanese City Planning and U.S.Reign Planning cross. Or, the interest certain result will be offered as the practice of Occupation City Policy of U.S..
The next 3 points are clarified in this study.
(1)As for Okinawa City Planning did it would have received an influence of the policy and Planning System of U.S.Reign Government among the reign by U.S.in the postwar?
(2)Simultaneously, as for Okinawa City Planning how did it would have maintained the relation with City Planning of Japan?
(3)Would have existed OKinawa original City Planning among U.S.and Japan?
The documents U.S.Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Isl
snds and Ryukyu Government City Planning Committee in U.S.National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) are analyzed as data in this study. With this middle, U.S.Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands documents are the voluminous data that reach to about 50-60 thousands. Therefore it is during special and detailed research reports of the City Planning for Okinawa that U.S.Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands in vestigated are handled supplementary.
It describes to the next order in this study.
(1)First of all, the materialization and changes and the mechanism of the U.S.reign organization and Okinawa self governing organization are grasped as the reign organization in Okinawa of the postwar.
(2)Next, the materialization and changes of Okinawa City Planning of the postwar are going to announced every era classification including the relation between U.S.Reign Government and Naha City.
(3)The role and effect of practical case that U.S.reign government got involved simultaneously, is searched. And the relation between Okinawa City Planning and Japanses City Planning and Japanese City Planning are contrasted.
(4)The interesting of U.S.reign government for Okinawa City Planning is grasped by 3 research reports (city planning, traffic, industrial city) that U.S.Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands.
(5)The role that U.S.reign government accomplished for Okinawa City Planning is evaluated by these results. And it studies about the characteristic and the influence that Okinawa City Planning received from U.S.reign government. Less