Grant-in-Aid for Overseas Scientific Survey.
|Research Institution||Kagawa Medical School|
ICHIKAWA Yoshiyuki Kagawa, Medical School, Professor, 医学部, 教授 (60028355)
山村 卓 国立循環器病センター研究所, 病因部, 室長 (20132938)
山本 章 国立循環器病センター研究所, 副所長 (00028408)
横山 信治 アルバータ大学, 医学部, 教授 (10142192)
大西 平 香川医科大学, 医学部, 助教授 (50211107)
YAMAMOTO Akira Research Institute of National Cardiovascular Center, Vice Director
YAMAMURA Taku Research Institute of National Cardiovascular Center, Head
OHNISHI Taira Kagawa, Medical School, Associate Professor
YOKOYAMA Shinji University of Alberta, Professor
|Project Fiscal Year
1993 – 1994
Completed(Fiscal Year 1994)
|Budget Amount *help
¥8,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥8,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥4,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥4,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,000,000)
|Keywords||Cholesterol Reverse Transport System / Apolipoprotein / Lipid Microemulsion / Pyrene Compound / Vascular smooth muscle cell / Cholesterol efflux / Discoidal Highdensity Plasma Lipoprotein / コレステロール逆転送系 / アポリポタンパク質 / 脂質転送蛋白質 / 脂質人工粒子 / ピレン-標識脂質 / 血管平滑筋細胞 / コレステロール引き出し / ディスコイダルHDL|
The initial step of reverse cholesterol transport from peripheral cells to liver cells is the efflux of cholesterol from peripheral cells. We revealed that the addition of free apolipoprotein induces the efflux of cholesterol from macrophage and smooth muscle cells and free apolipoprotein is incorporated into newly synthesized discoidal HDL-like particle. At the next step, free cholesterol is converted to cholesteryl ester by LCAT and then cholesteryl ester is transferred among various lipoproteins by plasma lipid transfer protein (LTP). In this term, our study of reverse cholesterol transport was focused on the action of LCAT and the effect of apolipoproteins on the LTP reaction.
We revealed that the LTP reaction requires the presence of apolipoprotein (A-I,A-II,C-III and E)on the surface of lipid particle and the mode of integration of apolipoprotein into the surface lipid regulates the lipid selectivity of the LTP reaction. In addition, the effect of A-IV on the LTP reaction was also
studied and the effect was revealed to be essentially the same as other apolipoproteins.
We prepared the monoclonal antibody against rabbit LTP,and we found the special clone which inhibit only triglyceride transfer by LTP.To clarify the structural basis of lipid selectivity of LTP,we decided to use molecular biological approach to characterize LTP.The cDNA of rabbit LTP was prepared and LTP was expressed in the yeast system. We are going to characterize the epitope of the clone using the expression system.
The transfer of free cholesterol between cell and HDL is thought to be concentration-dependent on the basis of equilibrium. The conversion of free cholesterol into cholesteryl ester by LTP causes the decrease of the concentration of free cholesterol in HDL and the decrease gives the driving force to the reverse cholesterol system. Our study revealed that the addition of LCAT into the macrophage system, where cholesterol efflux from cell is mediated by discoidal HDL-like particle or HDL,induces the decrease of free cholesterol and increase of cholesteryl ester in HDL,however, efflux of cholesterol remains to be unchanged. Further study must be necessary to establish the new theory of the mechanism of cholesterol efflux. Less