|Budget Amount *help
¥3,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
The present study has been carried out since Heisei 5th fiscal year for three years, with each years project.
From Heisei 5th project, we could infer as follows, by the survey based upon some our basic views on "Bullying".
1) the types of "bullying" have been varied and become malicious ; the reasons relate to the individual traits ; the duration of "bullying" to a particular student becomes longer.
2) the situation factors of "bullying" involves
a. dilation phenomena of human relationshipness within a family with decreasing of the number of children,
b. reduction phenomena of learning opportunity of human relationshipness with a disruptin of neiborhood human relation.
Through our discussion, we concluded that some psychological backgrounds should exist under our predicated social an cultural factors.
By Heisei 6th project, we condusted a behavioral observation and a depth interview with jiunior high school students who showed school maladjustment. And we also carried a question-aire survey w
ith college students, which consisted of items concerning 1) constructive-dis-tructive aspects of "man of aggression", 2) self-others acceptance, 3) expressiveness of "Shyness", 4) active-passive aspects of "man of dependency".
On the drive of the inner world of the junior high school students who showed school maladjustment, we found reduction phenomena of learing opportunity, unmatured self-expression lack of autonomy based on hypertrophic dependency, and incompleteness of self-others acceptance and altruism.
And we also corroborated that the introduction view of immediacy, proximity, comitment, concurrence, and expectancy, into intervention strategy using crisis intervention theory is useful.
By Heisei 7th project, we discussed the result of a factor analysis concering the drive of school maladjusted behavior, and we analyzed the underlying psychodynamism of aggressiveness which become violent against self or other found among present junior high school students.
Then we proposed a concrete guiding strategy to the student who refuses to go to school, interms of our case studyes and the guidance realities of the nationwide "Adjustment Guidance Laboratory". Less