|Budget Amount *help
¥1,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
The purpose of this research is to investigate empirically structural problems of contemporary school systems in the United States, especially those of comprehensive high schools, focusing on their social and educational effects. It is mainly for evaluating education reform since 1970s critically. Topics examined are (1) mismatched relationship between characteristics of school life and their effects, (2) problematic articulation between secondary education and higher education, and (3) ineffective relationship between school systems and labor market.
In addition to reviewing published literature on each topic, two longitudinal panel surveys, HS$B and NLS,conducted by National Center for Education Statistics, were reanalyzed. The major results are summarized in the report Critical Review of Contemporary Secondary Education Reform in the U.S., which incldes : 1 Historical development of American secondary education, 2 Toward equalizing educational opportunity, 3 Values of high school students, 4 Diversification of secondary education and cultural contact, 5 Articulation between secondary education and higher education, 6 Changing characteristics of college students, 7 American secondary education at the crossroads.