|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1993 : ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
Since the end of the Second World War, the interdependent relationship between the United States and Japan has been steadily intensifying, with the result that today, the economies of the two countries are deeply intertwined. Developments in the Japanese economy greatly affect that of the Unites States, while developments in the American have an immediate impact on Japan. Moreover, the dazzling developments in recent years of information and communications technology, reductlons in shippling time and expenses, the globalization of industrial production, and the advance of free trade have all worked the bring the economies of these two nations much closer.
Amid this intensification of mutual dependency are the rapidly accelerating advances that businesses from one country have been making in the other country. These new spatial positionings of Japanese and American businesses are not uniform throughout either nation ; rather, they have gravitated toward certain regions and have agglomerated in special cities, with clear regional differences. The city in which a business or industry locates depends on the type and scale of the enterprise. For example, banking, finance, and insurance companies tend to locate in large cities, while high-tech and automobile industries are mainly found in medium-sized regional cities. In addition, the types, scale, and number of industries going abroad have all changed considerably since the 1950s ; moreover patterns for this overseas movement differ between American and Japanese firms. In terms of time and space, such locational patterns for these firms have become quite complex.