Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||KYOTO UNIVERSITY|
MATSUI Masafumi Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Associate Professor, 大学院・人間・環境学研究科, 助教授 (40101240)
SOMSAK Panha Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Associate P, 理学部, 助教授
KUMTHORN Thirakhupt Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Associate P, 理学部, 助教授
JARUIIN Nab タイ科学技術研究所, 研究員
ANGOON Lewvanich Thailand Ministry of Agriculture, Researcher, 研究員
THUNYA CHAN タイ王立森林省, 自然保護課, 研究員
SCHWANN Tunh タイ王立森林省, 自然保護課, 研究員
ARAYA Kunio Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Assistant, 大学院・人間・環境学研究科, 助手 (10263138)
OTA Hidetoshi Tropical Biosphere Research Center, University of Ryukyus, Associate Professor, 熱帯圏生物研究センター, 助教授 (10201972)
HIKIDA Tsutomu Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Assistant, 理学部, 助手 (40135512)
JARUJIN Nabhitabhata Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research, Researcher
TANYA Chan-ard Royal Rorest Department of Thailand, Researcher
SCHWANN Tunhikorn Royal Forest Department of Thailand, Researcher
PANHA Somsak チュラロンコン大学, 理学部, 助教授
THIRAKHUPT K チュラロンコン大学, 理学部, 助教授
NABHITABHATA ジャルジン タイ科学技術研究所, 研究員
|Project Period (FY)
1994 – 1995
Completed(Fiscal Year 1995)
|Budget Amount *help
¥12,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥12,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥5,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥6,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,300,000)
|Keywords||Thailand / Evolution / Behavior / Life history / Faunal survey / Karyotype / Insacts / Amphibians / Reptiles|
We made a two-years' field study in Thailand between 1994-1995 on evolution of small animals such as frogs, lizards, snakes, and beetles, in collaboration with researchers of Thailand. Our research in Thailand successfull accumulated many interesting facts as is summarized below.
1) The Thai population of a microhylid frog, Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatus, is distinct from the Bornean population of K.p.pleurostigma in advertisement call structure. This difference suggests that the Thai population is reproductively isolated from, or uses different recognition signals from the nominal subspecies and should be regarded as a full species, K.interlineatus.
2) The karyotype of scincid lizard, M.macularia quadrifasciata, from southern Thailand differs from any known scincid karyotypes, including a previously reported karyotypes of conspecific Indian population, in exhibiting a high diploid number (38) and gradual change in size from large to small chromosomes. This suggests that M.macularia may consist of more than one biological species.
3) A diploid member of the parthenogenetic gekkonid species complex, Hemidactylus garnotii-vietnamensis complex, was discovered for the first time from Thailand. Significance of the present findings to the origin of the triploid species of this species complex is discussed.
4) A new species of the lucanid genus Aesalus whose dorsal surface covered solely with scattered stick-like bristles is described from the lowland forest in southern peninsula of Thailand. This new species, named Aesalus dharma, closely resembles A.yongi, a lowland species of Malaysia, but can be distinguished from the latter by the difference in configuration of male genitalia.
Futher, papers dealing with two undescribed species of the genus Leptolalax from Thailand, gliding behavior of the Cosymboyus platyurus, a new species of the genus Dibamus, and habitats and morphologies of immature stages of some lucanid beetle of Thailand are now in preparation.