岡村 茂 静岡英和女学院短期大学, 国際教養学科, 助教授
高橋 要 八戸工業高等専門学校, 一般教科, 助教授 (60188000)
太田 徹 八戸工業高等専門学校, 一般教科, 助教授 (40168943)
OKAMURA Shigeru Shizuoka Eiwa Women's College
OHTA Tohru Hachinohe National College of Technology
TAKAHASHI Kaname Hachinohe National College of Technology
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,600,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,600,000)
1.Purpose of the investigation :
As it is now necessary to reform higher education, the system of education in the National Colleges of Technology is beginning to be reformed. The direction of reform is to enlarge the field of our education in the NCT and to activate international relations.
Comparing the higher education of technology in Frence and Belgium, we shall soon come to understand the possiblity of a new form of higher education of technology in Japan.
2.The situation of the French educational system :
With the start of the project, "Universites 2000" the government of France is increasing the number of universities and students in the higher educational programs. "Institut Universitaire de Technologie" in France has many departments of non-technology, for example, commerce, management, law, social work, and communication.
The number of IUTs in 1978 was 66, the number of departments were 269.By 1995, the number of departments will be increased 190 to 517 ; and students will be inc
reased 71.5% to 50,000 students ; finally, the number of institutions will be increased from 66 to 100 IUTs.
The total number of different departments in the IUT is 21, and in their second year, the students of IUT may choose a variety of options totalling 42. The number of hours of experimentation (14 persons) and seminar (28 persons) is more than the number of hours of lessons (90 persons). Minimum 10 weeks of training on domestic or foreign enterprises are obligatory for students. Many foreign students enter IUTs and many French students after graduation enter foreign unversities. Half of the students proceed to study in "Grand ecoles"'universities, "Institut Universitaire Professionnalises"
3.The situation of Belgian education :
Belgium is a multi-language nation and a mature industrialized soceity, being in harmony with agriculture and technology. Belgium is comprised of three communities : the French, Dutch and German-speaking groups. Education is no longer organized, subsidized or recognized by the State, but by each of the three Comminities. Education within the framework of institutional structures is free and the right to choose moral and religious education until the end of the compulsory school attendance period is granted, equitable treatment of all educational establishments, neutrality of education organized by the Comminities and free choice of school by parents is a recognizable human right.
We must continue this research comparing some Asian countries in addition to Japan, France and Belgium because of some importance differences of higher education of technolgy in each situation and country.
We must continue striving for international relations of higher education of technolgy including data-base and networking of information concerning the education of technology. Less