Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||KYUSHU UNIVERSITY|
SHIMAZAKI Ken-ichiro Kyushu University, Professor, 理学部, 教授 (00124347)
HENRIKSEN Gordon Pennsylvania state University, Post Doctoral Fellow, 生物学部, 博士研究員
ギルロイ サイモン ペンシルバニア州立大学, 生物学部, 助教授
シュワルツ アムノン ヘブライ大学, 農業植物学部, 助教授
アスマン サラー ペンシルバニア州立大学, 生物学部, 教授
GILROY Simon Pennsylvania state University, Assistant Professor
ASSMAN Sarah Pennsylvania State University, Professor
SCHWARTZ Amnon Hebrew University, Associate Professor.
AMNON Schwar ヘブライ大学, 農業植物学部, 助教授
SARAH Assman ペンシルバニア州立大学, 生物学部, 教授
木下 俊則 九州大学. 理学部, 日本学術振興会特別研
|Project Period (FY)
1994 – 1995
Completed(Fiscal Year 1995)
|Budget Amount *help
¥5,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥2,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥3,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,100,000)
|Keywords||Stomata / Guard Cell / Calcium / Micrinjection / Blue Lihgt Response / Light signaling Pathway / proton Pump / Confocal Microscopy|
Purity of the isolated plasma membrane from oat roots was examined by the sensitivity of ATP hydrolytic activity to vanadate. Vanadate strongly inhibited the ATP hydrolysis, but NO_3^-, oligomycin and ammonium molybdate had no significant inhibition of the hydrolysis, suggesting that isolated plasma membrane from oat had a high purity. Proton pumping activity measured by quinacrine quenching was inhibited strongly by Ca^<2+> at 1 muM.Similarly, proton pumping activity was inhibited by Ca^<2+> at 1 muM in isolated plasma membrane from spinach leaves. These results suggest that the proton pumping activity across the plasma memranes was inhibited by Ca^<2+> at physiological concentrations in both leaf an root tissue.
We measured the cytosolic Ca^<2+> concentrations in guard cells of Commelina communis using confocal laser scanning microscope. In this experiments, we confirmed that the Ca^<2+> indicator of calcium orange and rhod 2 were both useful to measure Ca^<2+> in the guard cell cytosol. When EGTA was added to epidermal layrs, cytosolic Ca^<2+> concentration was declined and the removal of EGTA from the incubation media restored the Ca^<2+> concentration. The results suggest that the possible regulation for the plasma membrane proton pump activity by external application of EGTA.
When the guard cell was illuminated with red light, we could not find any change in cytosolic Ca^<2+> concentration in guard cells.
In isolated vacuole from guard cells, ABA had no effect on the vacuolar volume.