The Change of the Policy System in Japanese Politics since 1980s
Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||The University of Tokyo|
SASAKI Takeshi The University of Tokyo, Faculty of Law, Professor, 法学部, 教授 (90009803)
TANIGUCHI Masaki The University of Tokyo, 法学部, 助手 (60251435)
UCHIYAMA Yu The University of Tokyo, 法学部, 助教授 (00242066)
TANABE Kuniaki The University of Tokyo, Faculty of Law, Associate Professor, 法学部, 助教授 (40171813)
BABA Yasuo The University of Tokyo, Faculty of Law, Professor, 法学部, 教授 (40013031)
MITANI Taiichiro The University of Tokyo, 法学部, 教授 (10009798)
茅野 修 東京大学, 法学部, 助教授 (20114449)
西尾 勝 東京大学, 法学部, 教授 (60009800)
|Project Period (FY)
1994 – 1995
Completed(Fiscal Year 1995)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥2,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,800,000)
|Keywords||Japanese Politics / Policy / 1980s|
1 Earch investigator has made catalogs on books and materials concerning about a research issue assigned to him.
2 Each investigator read his research results at the monthly meeting and we had vigorous discussion on it. Besides, we held lectures by foreign political scientists visiting Japan and got useful implications in terms of comparative politics.
3 We've got the following results concerning about politics in Japan since 1980s.
(1) As for theory, we refined the new institutionalism and the policy network theory.
(2) Generally, there are some characters of the recent policy system different from old one, such as participation in policy process by the business sector and foreign governments, delayd adaptation of the government to market pressure of liberalization and internationalization, convergence of policies among political actors, reduction of state's policy tools, convergence on cooperation of labor and capital, and recent labor's participation in policymaking, symbolized by Rengo.
(3) A new institutionalist analysis of the industrial policy indicates that so called neo-liberalism trend of 1980s is indeed an extension of out-of-public-area phenomenon of 1970s and suggests the Japanese political-economic system different from the neo-conservatism like the United States and Britain.
(4) An analysis of Japan-US trade conflict draws the structure of trade negotiation affected by political power of concerned business association, reform network, US Congress, political leadership, foreign direct investment and policy organization and shows that such a structure is changing because of weakened perception of foreign pressure and lack of the condition of political leadership after 1990s.
4 From now, we'll research into how these policy changes develops in the process of political reform in 1990s.
Research Products (15results)