|Budget Amount *help
¥6,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥3,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,900,000)
1.Measuring methods of NDH ; We have developed novel measuring methods of NDH activity using thylakoid membranes isolated from Synechocystis PCC 6803. Activity of NDH can be monitored by a) yield of chlorophyll fluorescence, b) redox change of P700, c) methylviologen-dependent Mehler reaction, d) absorbance change at 340 nm.
2.Isolation of NDH ; Two types of NDH were found by activity staining of clude extracts. A high-MW enzyme was specific to NADPH,and the other low-MW enzyme could oxidize both NADH and NADPH.The latter enzyme had 30 kDa MW and showed Km values of 12 and 47muM for NADPH and NADH,respectively. Amino acid sequence of N-terminal showed 46% homology with that of nitroreductase in Salmonella typhimurium, but no homology with that of FNR,DT diaphorase or subunits of complex I.The enzyme was inhibited by NEM,but not by rotenone, amytal, SHAM or dicumarol. These propeeties, along with high affinities with quinone alalogues, indicate that the enzyme was a novel NAD (P) H-quinone oxidoeductase.
3.Cyclic electron flow in higher plants ; We found that activity of cyclic flow could be monitored by the transient increase in chlorophyll fluorescence yield after actinic light was turned off. It was also found that cyclic electron flow in maize was mediated by cytochrome b_<559> which was sensitive to antimycin A.