Event Memory and Acquisition of Script in Young Children.
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Chiba University|
NAKAZAWA Jun Chiba University, Faculty of Education, Associate Professor, 教育学部, 助教授 (40127676)
|Project Period (FY)
1994 – 1996
Completed(Fiscal Year 1996)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥200,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥200,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,700,000)
|Keywords||Young Children / Script / General Event Representation / GRE / Event Memory / Episodic Memory / Cognitive Map|
1.This research examined following three points.
(1) Script Formation in Daily Kindergarten Life
Analysis of kindergarten teachers' daily lunch protocols showed, in early period, they say about sequential procedures for lunch frequently. It means they emphasize to form lunch script in young children within early kindergarten days. The number of children's lunch representation activities increased with their length of kindergarten life.
(2) Episodic memory to semantic memory
In order to analyze about repeated experiences for novel events in kindergarten, we interviewed and asked to young children about the event representations of "Kindergarten Picnic" before and after picnics. Young children responded their concrete episodic memory at first, but they can extract the kindergarten picnic script or GER after their second time experience of it.
(3) Long-term retention about kindergarten life
First, third, and fifth graders' past kindergarten life scripts and cognitive map about their kindergarten were examined. Cores of kindergarten scripts were reported and there were no age differences. In cognitive map, the location of their oldest year class was most precisely recalled, and there were no age differences too.
These results showed young children abstract many concepts through daily experiences and retain them.
2.These studies were reported in a final report paper.
Research Products (8results)