|Budget Amount *help
¥1,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
In the critical edition of the Gramsci's "Prison Notebooks" (total 32 volumes), the most important is the series of "Special Notes". In this study, we engaged in analyzing the "special notes". The results from the study are as follows.
1) Gramsci's consideration on the critique of the Third International's economistic determi, nism and reductionism, then of mechanical materialism which functioned as the former's philosophical foundation, was completed basically in the Note 10 and 11 (the so-called "philosophical notes"). In the later "Special Notes", the central theme is the problem of hegemony and its apparatus. Following this theme, his discussions on political science, history and cultural theory are articulated.
2) the Note 12 (the so-called "note on intellectuals") is the best accomplished among the "Special Notes, "and constituted the foundation for the "Note on cultural writings" related to the analysis of culture and hegemony. In particulr, hierarchlcal formation of intellectuals
group become the critical moment for the actual analysis of hegemonic relations.
3) As is significant in Gramsci's thesis "the state=political society+civil society", Gramsci's consideration related to the theory of civil society as political and social theory is important. Gramsic emphasized that civil society is the field of hegemony relations and struggles. At the same time, it is also the field where "auto-governing ability" is made, then strengthened through associations against political society.
4) We analyzed the concepts such as "trasformismo" and "conformismo" which have been paid poor attentions. Our study shows that while trasformismo is the concept that suggests the discquilibrium between civil society and political society, conformismo suggests the multiplicity (variety) and complexity of cultural hegemony.
Through the results of our study as summarized above, we made clear that Gramsci's discussion on hegemony developed and extended in the political, social and cultural dimensions, and that the problem of culture become the main theme in the later part of his Prison Notebooks. Less