|Budget Amount *help
¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥100,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥300,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,600,000)
The purpose of this research is to make clear the relations between ruling people of the medieval European Cities and the components of the establishing universities, i.e., the professors and the students, especially in Bologna, where one of the oldest universities was born. It gave one model of medieval universities which was lead by foreign students, to others following. Bologna was also famous for the studies of laws in medieval Europe.
The abstract contains four tables as follows : (Table 1) The chronological table of the city, Comune and the University of Bologna, both of which developed in the twelfth and the thirteenth centuries. (Table 2) The table of the leading officials of Comune, consoli, podesta, capitano del popolo, savi, bishops and archideacons of Bologna known from Historia bologneseowitten by C.Ghirardacci, and Annali bolognesi, written by L.V.Savioli. (Table 3) The list of the jurists of the civic laws (Roman law), the canon laws and the notary on the base of the works by M.Sarti, S.Mazzetti and J.F.von Schulte which will be perfecter after this research. (Table 4) The list of the references of Odofredus, one of the famous commentatores which contained of the documents of the Odofredi, the family of Odofredus, published by A.Padovani in 1992, which made the informations about Odofredus extraordinally rich.
As for Odofredus, who was already discussed in : "Some aspects of status of jurists in regard to Odofredus", here is shown his activity more vividly. His legal activity connected to the Comune, was restricted by his activity as professor of laws. The Odofresi didn't inherit the status of doctor legum over four generations. This may be able to be applied to other jurists of contemporary Bologna.