|Budget Amount *help
¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
1. From investigations in museums and material reference rooms in Shikoku Area, it has been clarified and confirmed that 1) the condition of the distribution of conventional karasuki in Western Japan, and 2) the cow collar used in areas in Setouchi, where karasuki was sustained only on the saddle on the cow, was developed from a part of harness. These findings are fully reported in the article entitled "Historical studies on the development of cultivation with horses adn cows in Western Japan : an approach with a perspective of analysis on farming implements. (1997)"
II.Investigations and boservatios of the model farming implements which are kept in Ono-minato Jinja, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, brought two new findings. 1) Those model lmplements were dedicated to the shrine by Maeda Toshitsune, the third Lord of Kaga Han, in order to pray for successful practice of kaisakuho of Kaga Han. 2) Cultivation with horses in Kaga area was not a traditional way of framing from the medieval but introduce
d to the area by Kaga Han in the early 17th century. These two findings have been reported in the article, "An observation of the model farming implements at Ono-minato Jinja and horse farming in Kaga. (1995)"
III.By observing Japanese farming reference books published in the Edo era, the following facts have been found. 1) Farming implements seen in "The Chinese Repository, " which was published in Kanton in the middle of 19th century by English men, were referred to "Kinmo-zul" for the illustrations of the implements. 2) The editors for "The Chinese Repository" collected and owned "Kinmo-zui" as well as nine other Japanese books. 3) Philipp Franz van Siebold playd animportant role in one of three routes of outflow of Japanese books. 4) These findings have been reported in the article "An Examination on Farming implements in the Quing dynasty : Scrutinizing Illustrations of Farming implements in 'the Chinese Repository.'(1996)."
IV By examining votive tablets, ema, with illustrations of farming, which are owned by Hino Jinja, Takeo, Fukui, the following four findings are brought. 1) The illustrations on the ema have simillar compositions to "Standing Screens of Agriculture of the Four Seasons" drawn by Morikage Kusumi. 2) There might have been a model picture for both ema and drawings by Kusumi. 3) The model should have been drawn by Kusumi himself. And 4) The model picture should have been in a form of an illustrated scroll. And a blueprint for restoration of the model has been offered in the study. These points are elaborated in an article entitled "The Agricultural Picture drawn on Ema at Hino Jinja in Echizen Prefecture and Morikage Kusumi. (1997)." Less