Research on Degree of Localization off-electrons in Uranium Monopnictides and Moncharcogenides
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C).
|Research Institution||Tohoku University, Institute for Materials Research|
OCHIAI Akira Tohoku University, I.M.R., Research Associate, 金属材料研究所, 助手 (90183772)
|Project Fiscal Year
1994 – 1995
Completed(Fiscal Year 1995)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,600,000)
|Keywords||Uranium monopnictides / Uranium monocharcogenides / 5f-electrons / de Haas-van Alphen effect / ウランモノプニクタイト / ウランモノカルゲナイド / 5f電子 / ド・ハ-ス・ファン・アルフェン効果 / ウランモノカルコゲナイド / ド・ハ-ス-ファン・アルフェン効果 / f電子 / ド・ハ-ス・アルフェン効果 / 局在性|
Following single crystals were grown ;
1.High quality single crystals of USb were obtained by using highly purified uranium metal, precise control of stoichiometry and annealing etc.
2.Single crystal of UAs was grown by Bridgman technique.
3.High quality single crystal of ThSb which is reference material of USb was grown using highly purified Th metal.
4.Single crystals of uranium monocharcogenides from US to UTe were grown by Bridgman technique.
Using these single crystalsfollowing new results were obtained ;
1.Characteristic physical properties of USb compared to UAs and UP are considered to be due to its semimetallic character. Now by magnetic and acoustic de Haas effect two kind of ellipsoidal Femisurface and spherical Fermi surface are observed.
2.USb shows magnetic phase transition by magnetic field of about 40T.
3.Magnetic phase transition of USb under high pressure was observed by electric resistivity and neutron scattering measurement.
4.UAs shows sample dependent transport property.
5.The r.r.r.of ThSb is rather improved and its de Haas effect experiment is now in progress.
X-ray magnetic scattering and magnetic Compton scattering experiments were performed for UTe, and contrary our expectation its 5f orbital is rather broad. Same experiments for US and USe are now in progress.
Research Output (30results)