|Budget Amount *help
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,600,000)
Genesis of architectural paysage can be understood as a simultaneous and total phenomena, constituted by 2 moments, firstly an architectual creation (poiesis) and secondarily "paysage" apparition in which architectural work is included. About all of Le Corbusier's works, building site context and architectual proto-type were examined. We then find out certain significant category-types concerning a realization of "paysage". These are 1) architectural path (promenade architecturale) which is one of basic elements, vector forming agent of topo-logical domain, 2) setting of floating horizontal plan by means of "piloti, toit-jardin", etc., 3) vertical movement such as standing-up and rising-up toward a sky. Plastic forms of Le Corbusier's works representing these movement operate as a signal in space a virtual movement of man who habitate them.
On other hand, as a spatial meaning, we find out several category-types. These are 1) descent toward a infinite depth, 2) pastoral dream in Vergilia
n poetic sense, 3) interiority as being in a cave, or "grotto", symbol of womb, 4) sea image as a reflector of existential depth. Above mentioned 3 significant works (La Villa Savoye (1929), La Chapelle de Ronchamp (1951), Le Couvent de la Tourette (1957) to which we can probably add L'United' Habitation de Marseilles) are representative examples concretising these categoric-archetype and realizing existential space.
We have then described structurally architect's creative process, from archetype classified by material (hyletic) and formal (eidetic) through different qualitative phases of "heideggerian thing (das Ding or dingen), in the term of "incarnation", coming forth concealed under a formal phenomena. A finalty of this becoming is a realization of a true Architectural Paysage.
All these dynamic architectural process, could be resumed thematically as "Basho" or place, synonym of "Oitearu" in NISHIDA philosophy based on "Basho-no-ronri", with a close relationship to platonic khora and roman genius-loci. This study is accompanied by Kamigamo-Shrine site analysis and ritual interpretation, that furnished a concrete base for topo-analysis on architectural work. Less