|Budget Amount *help
¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Purpose : To analyze the association between the potential risk factors and ovarian cancer among Japanese women.
Method : We conducted a case-control study from October, 1994 to January, 1996, in northern Kyushu. We interviewed 78 cases whose ovarian cancer was histologically confirmed, and 346 controls who were identified at mass screening and who were evaluated as not having a cancer or an ovarian disorder. An odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was estimated with the conditional logistic regression.
Results : The risk was significantly increased for family history of ovarian cancer in a mother or a sister (OR=2.85,95%CI 1.01-8.08), for heavier maximum body weight in the past (trend, OR=1.35,95%CI 1.06-1.63), and for larger maximum body mass index (trend, OR=1.30,95%CI 1.06-1.60). Conversely, the risk was significantly decreased with the number of pregnancy (trend, OR=0.67,95%CI 0.51-0.89), with the number of parity (trend, OR=0.57,95%CI 0.39-0.83), and with experience in having ever taken oral contraceptive pills (p<0.05, OR could not be calculated because of null frequency in the cases).
Treatment with hormonal drugs for infertility or menstrual disorder was not associated with the ovarian cancer risk.
Discussion : The positive relationship of maximum body weight or body mass index to the ovarian cancer risk may in part explain the recent increase of the incidence of ovarian cancer in Japan.