Nursing Strategies to Promote Young Children's Ability to Cope with Pain
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Chida University|
TAKEDA Junko Chiba University School of Nursing Assistant Professor, 看護学部, 講師 (50157450)
KOBAYASHI Saiko Saitama College of Health School of Nursing Assistant Professor, 看護学科, 講師 (60178316)
MATSUOKA Mari Chiba University School of Nursing Instructor, 看護学部, 助手 (30282461)
MARU Mitsue Chiba University School of Nursing Instructor, 看護学部, 助手 (50241980)
NAKAMURA Nobue Chiba University School of Nursing Instructor, 看護学部, 助手 (20282460)
KANEMATSU Yuriko Chiba University School of Nursing Professor, 看護学部, 教授 (20091671)
古谷 佳由理 千葉大学, 看護学部, 助手 (90222877)
内田 雅代 千葉大学, 看護学部, 助手 (70125938)
|Project Period (FY)
1994 – 1996
Completed(Fiscal Year 1996)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
|Keywords||Young children / Pain / Coping behavior / Venipuncture / Mother's perception / 看護援助 / 小児 / 行動観察|
The purposes of this study were (1) to explore young children's coping behaviors to a venipuncture, (2) to examine mother's perceptions of their child's pain experience, (3) to identify relatiomships among child's coping behaviors, mother's perception and other factors.
At a pediatric out-patient unit, a questionaire about child's pain experience was administered to 62 mothers with 1 to 6 year-old child, and 33 venipunctures with 28 children were observed.
Results of this study were as follows :
1. Developmental level and previous pain experience of young children were the important infliencing factors on the children's appraisal of a venipuncture. Children could appraise a venipuncture and tried to cope with intrusive pain and fears.
2.4 to 6 year-old children showed self-protective behaviors and information-seeking and participative behaviors before a venipuncture more frequently than those under 4 yesr-old children did. Also they could take behavioral and cognitive coping strategies during the whole process of a venipuncture.
3. Young children who participated in a venipuncture with independent attitude to meet their mother's expectation attained satisfaction and mastery from mother's support to accept their sfforts. Children with much fears could take few coping strategies during the whole process of a venipuncture, and their mothers also had much fears and were not able to provide effective support to their child.
Research Output (7results)