What does having children means to the Japanese ; A case study of the Shikoku fishing town.
Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (C)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Naruto University of Education|
NAKAYAMA Makiko Naruto University of Education, Faculty of School Education, Associate Professor., 学校教育学部, 助教授 (90253236)
|Project Period (FY)
1994 – 1995
Completed(Fiscal Year 1995)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
|Keywords||having children / fieldwork / fisherman / 漁師町 / 子どもを持つ / 四国地方 / 参与観察調査 / 意識|
Having children is not only a sociological but also a biological subject. The main purpose of this study was to examine that it means to have children in Japanese rural society.
This research as a first phase to construct as sociological theory of having children analyzes its historical change in Japanese modernization process, from 1920's to 1990's, depending upon the methods of fieldwork and semiformal interviews at fisherman's area in Shikoku.
The main findings are as follows;
1.The employment and economic structure of this society has changed dramatically, and various aspects of their lives (work, technology, family, etc) have gone through some astonishing changes from 1955 to 1975.
2.After the second world war, the continuing decline in the birth rate, this is because people already know that the past their society does not provide them with a suitable environment in which to bear and raise many children.
3.In 1955, more than 99% of births had taken place at home, but in the subsequent decade postal and clinics clearly took over as the place of birth.
4.People who was born from 1920's to 1945 many women who badly wanted sons. In present-day, there are many parents who prefer a girl to a boy for their first (and sometimes the only) child they have. Preference for girls is more evident among women than among man.
5.Parents (especially fisherman's) are dedicated to the education of their children through very hard work.
This report is not yet complete, it must include other arguments on such matters as the consideration of complicated structure.
Research Products (14results)