|Budget Amount *help
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
The purpose of this study is to clarify relations between life style and health. Six hundred and fifty three individuals were used as subjects. Life style was defined by investigating drinking, smoking, diet, exercise and working habits. Health was defined by determining total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), arteriosclerotic index, triglyceride, body fat, percent body fat, lean body mass and systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The reason why health was defined by determining the above variables is that heart disease especially like ischemic heart desease is recently the second cause of death in Japan and the heart disease is mainly caused by high blood lipids induced by obesity and high blood pressure.
In these studies, only a kind and frequency of exercise are usually asked as exercise habit like what kind of exerise and how many times a week individuals do.Intensity and duration of exercise are not usually analyzed. In this study, energy consumption a month was, therefore, determined by using relative metabolic rate values of all movements according to Hatano (1978). Also exercise scores standardized by intensity, duration and frequency of exercise were calculated also as exercise habit according to Okamoto and others (1989,1990).
As results of this study the following findings were made : (1) significant correlation between exercise habit and HDL-C, (2) significant correlation between exercise habit and arteriosclerotic index, (3) workers walking a long period of time show significantly higher HDL-C, (4) individuals eating a meal slowly show significantly lower blood triglyceride, and (5) individuals eating a meal at a constant time everyday show significantly lower percent body fat.