|Budget Amount *help
¥2,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1994 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
It is thought that the science education is used commonly throughout the world, because the science is a way of representing the natural world. But, it is not necessarily true, for example, we have some cases that an concept which is considerably difficult to be thought in one country, is existed in the other country for children as quite easy concept to be not necessary thought.
To make this to be sure this, the common questioners to the children in 3rd grade of primary schools in Japan, Thailand, Rao, China, Russia, and Honduras and the result data are analyzed. The practical works at these counties were carried out by foreign students who had been studied in Aichi University of Education.
This final result say to us, that even in science education, it should be carefully carried to understand the natural conditions, culture and religions for make the science education curriculum as an international co-operation program.
The numbers of surveyed country and local regions have become 6 countries and 11 regions, and the number of the students becomes 1582. The first questioner is composed of 19 questions, mainly related with the weather and geometrical phenomena, for example, the sun, heat, and light.
In the second survey, these are mainly concerned on daily life and religion. The data handing were done by using MS-Visual Basic on MS-Windows. Many of fruity resists have given from the data analysis. From the result which was seen to be simple, many of interesting information have been given from the data handling of the correlation relation graphic methods.
The result told us that the earlier scientific concepts of the children are quite characteristic according with the weather, natural and social situations, language (language it self has been affected by these conditions) and religions. These results support the reporter's suppositions. The results have been presented at academic associations 5 times, and also printed as 8 of papers.