Grant-in-Aid for International Scientific Research.
|Research Institution||Waseda University|
GEMMA Masahiko Waseda University, School of Social Sciences, Professor, 社会科学部, 教授 (90231729)
RAJKAI Kalma ハンガリー科学アカデミー, 土壌農薬研究所, 主任研究員
VOROS Mihaly Szarvas College of Water and Environmental Mgmt, Social Sci.Dept., Professor, 教授
KOWALSKI And ワルシャワ経済大学, アグリビジネス学科, 助教授
TOMCZAK Fran ワルシャワ経済大学, アグリビジネス学科, 教授
HONDAI Susumu Kobe University, Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies, Professor, 大学院・国際協力研究科, 教授 (70138569)
KALMAN Rajka ハンガリー科学アカデミー, 土壌農薬研究所(ハンガリー), 主任研究員
MIHALY Voros セルパッシュ大学, 農学部(ハンガリー), 教授
ANDRZEJ Kowa ワルシャワ経済大学, アグリビジネス学科(ポーランド), 助教授
FRANCISZEK T ワルシヤワ経済大学, アグリビジネス学科(ポーランド), 教授
ANDRZE Kowal ワルシャワ経済大学, アグリビジネス学科(ポーランド), 助教授
KOWALSKI Andrzej Warsaw School of Economics, Agribusiness Department, Associate Professor
TOMCZAK Franciszek Warsaw School of Economics, Agribusiness Department, Professor
RAJKAI Kalman Hungarian Academy of Sciences, RISSAC,Seniro Scientist
|Project Fiscal Year
1995 – 1997
Completed(Fiscal Year 1997)
|Budget Amount *help
¥9,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥4,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
|Keywords||Poland / Hungary / Agriculture / Environmental Policie / Market Economy / Economic Reform / Soil / Water Quality / ポーランド / ハンガリー / 農業 / 環境政策 / 市場経済 / 経済改革 / 土壌 / 水質 / 環境 / 移行期経済 / 政策 / ポーランド農業 / ハンガリー農業 / 東欧の経済改革 / 農業と環境 / 協同農場 / 個人農 / 中央計画経済|
We examined the impacts of various reform measures on agriculture and the environment in Poland and Hungary. We also considered the policy options for these economies in transition to cope with the environmental problems in agriculture. The followings are what we achieved through this research project.
First, we surveryed the existing literature on the topics of the policy reforms in transition economies and the environmental models in agriculture. We identified the characteristics of the existing models for the latter review. Later, a crop growth model was developed by our team to evaluate the impact of policy changes on the field level environment. We also studied the changes in nitrogen balance for Hungarian agriculture using the same model. The decline in chemical fertilizer use was identified to be the source of the improvement in the condition of groundwater pollution.
Second, the time-series quality data on surface water were obtained from Hungary. Weelaborated the link between agriculture and the quality changes in surface water using this data set. This exercise confirmed our simulation results from the crop growth model.
Third, policy implications were derived from these studies. The policy papers related with agriculture and the environment were written and one was presented at the 11th Congress of the International Farm Management Association.
Fourth, interviews were conducted to study the current status of agricultural producers and reports have been written based on the information collected. The issues related with environmentally friendly agricultural production were covered in this effort.