Grant-in-Aid for International Scientific Research.
|Research Institution||Miyagi University of Education|
IZAWA Kosei Miyagi University of Education, Professor, 教育学部, 教授 (70072676)
BARBOSA Cesa 環境省, 国立公園局, 専任研究員
MEJIA Carlos Los Andes University, アンデス大学・理学部, 教授
小林 幹夫 宇都宮大学, 農学部, 教授 (80111392)
竹原 明秀 岩手大学, 人文社会科学部, 助教授 (40216932)
木村 光伸 名古屋学院大学, 経済学部, 助教授 (50167376)
西邨 顕達 同志社大学, 工学部, 教授 (00027492)
TAKEHARA Akihide Iwate University
NISHIMURA Akisato Doshisha University
KOBAYASHI Mikio Utsunomiya University
BARBOSA Cesar Ministry of Environment (Colombia)
|Project Fiscal Year
1995 – 1996
Completed(Fiscal Year 1996)
|Budget Amount *help
¥11,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥11,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥5,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥5,900,000)
|Keywords||Patrilocal structure / Woolly monkey / Spider monkey / Matrilocal structure / Forest structure / Seed dispersion / Monocarpic mass flowering and death / 父系社会 / ウ-リ-モンキー / クモザル / 母系社会 / 森林構造 / 種子散布 / 一斉開花・枯死 / 新世界ザル / 一斉開花|
1. Studies on the patrilocal social structure among New World Monkeys
1) We carried out the chronological social structure of woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha) and spider monkeys (Aleles belzebuth) who had been confirmed to have patrilineal societies, by methods of individual identification and habituation.
2) We collected detailed data on the social relationships among all individuals of one habituated woolly monkey group and one habituated spider monkey group at resting trees and feeding trees.
3) We observed several cases of how young females of woolly monkeys and spider monkeys emigrated from natal group and immigrated the group.
4) We carried out the chronological social structure of howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) and capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) who had been confirmed to have matrilineal societies in comparison with woolly monkeys and spider monkeys who have patrilineal societies.
5) We observed several cases of how young males of howler monkeys and capuchin monkeys emigra
ted from natal group and immigrated the group.
6) We collected and identified all of food plants of woolly monkeys and spider monkeys.
2. Studies on the habitats of monkeys who have ptrilineal societies.
1) We investigated the micro-landform, plant distribution and forest structure in relation to monkeys nomadism and food patches.
2) We quantitatively understood the change of forest structure by tree census.
3) We investigated the relation between flood disturbance and the population structure of a pionieer plant, Tessaria integrifolis.
4) We observed the late stage of rhizome development in a clump of Pharus virescens.
5) We investigated seed dispersers of Pharus virescens.
6) We comparatively investigated the mode of seed dispersion among woolly monkeys, spider monkeys and Curassows (Crax salvini : one kind of terestial largebind).
7) We studied the phenology of some species of Palmae (Jessenia polycarpa, Socratea exorrhiza, Iriartea deltoides, Euterpe precatoria), fruit of which were main foods of spider monkeys. Less