Grant-in-Aid for International Scientific Research.
|Section||Joint Research .|
|Research Institution||National Museum of Ethnology|
YOSHIDA Kenji National Museum of Ethnology, 4th Research Department, Associate Professor, 第4研究部, 助教授 (10192808)
SASAKI Kohmei National Museum of Ethnology, Professor Emeritus, 名誉教授 (10031692)
O'HANLON Mic 大英博物館, 民族誌部門・アシスタント, キーパ
BARLEY Nigel 大英博物館, 民族誌部門・アシスタント, キーパ
DURRANS Bria 大英博物館, 民族誌部門・デピュティ, キーパー
MACK Jhon 大英博物館, 民族誌部門, キーパー
林 勲男 国立民族学博物館, 第4研究部, 助手 (80270495)
KURIMOTO Eisei National Museum of Ethnology, 4th Research Department, Associate Professor, 第3研究部, 助教授 (10192569)
久保 正敏 国立民族学博物館, 第5研究部, 助教授 (20026355)
OCHIAI Kazuyasu Hitotsubashi University, Graduate School of Sociology, Professor, 大学院・社会学研究科, 教授 (50212337)
MACK John 大英博物館, 民族誌部門, キーパー
細川 弘明 佐賀大学, 農学部, 助教授 (70165554)
大塚 和夫 東京都立大学, 人文学部, 助教授 (70142015)
田村 克己 国立民族学博物館, 第5研究部, 助教授 (40094156)
秋道 智彌 国立民族学博物館, 第1研究部, 教授 (60113429)
野村 雅一 国立民族学博物館, 第3研究部, 教授 (60142014)
MACH John The British Museum, Department of Ethnography, Keeper
NIGEL Barley The British Museum, Department of Ethnography, Assistant Keeper
|Project Fiscal Year
1995 – 1997
Completed(Fiscal Year 1997)
|Budget Amount *help
¥28,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥28,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥6,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥10,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥10,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥10,800,000)
|Keywords||Ethnographic Photographs / Modernity / Representation / Acculturation / Colonialism / 民族誌写真 / 近代史 / 異文化表象 / 文化変容 / 植民地化|
This international joint research aims to trace the historical transformation of the life of peoples of the world and to describe the changes of images other cultures held by the West and the Japanese during the last 150 years by means of ethnographic photo-archives of the British museum and the National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka. A compatible image detabase was constructed and shared by the two institutes. The results of the joint research based on the data base can be summarized as follows.
First, processes of transformation of the life of various ethnic groups, especially of Africa and Oceania, have been reconstructed ; the British Museum's photo-archives have the strongest collection of images as for these two regions.
Second, as a result of comparative studies of photographs of diferent regions and ages, detail aspects of global modernization have been clarified. We could even identified several common cultural elements which have been accepted coincidentally throughout the world as symbols of modernization. These findings urge us to reconsider the conventional divisions between the West and the Non-West, the modern and the traditional, and the changing and the changeless.
Third, the changes of ethnological recognition of 'other cultures' since the middle of 19th century have also been explicated. It was quite a revelation that the changes of the expressive way of ethnographic photographs parallel the development of ethnological/anthropological theories.
As a whole, the major purpose of the joint research project, that is to historicize ethnology/anthropology has fully been accomplished. Some of the results of the project have already been publicized in the form of the special exhibition 'Images of Other Cultures' which marked the 20th anniversary of the opening of the National Museum of Ethnology, as well as in the catalog of the same title.