Grant-in-Aid for International Scientific Research.
|Section||Joint Research .|
|Research Institution||Osaka University|
YONEYAMA Hiroshi Osaka University, Professor, 工学部, 教授 (80029082)
MARTIN Charl コロラド州立大学, 化学科, 教授
桑畑 進 大阪大学, 工学部, 助教授 (40186565)
鳥本 司 大阪大学, 工学部, 助手 (60271029)
西澤 松彦 大阪大学, 工学部, 助手 (20273592)
TORIMOTO Tsukasa Osaka University, Research Associate
MARTIN Charles R Colorado State University, Professor
KUWABATA Susumu Osaka University, Associate Professor
NISHIZAWA Matsuhiko Osaka University, Research Associate
|Project Fiscal Year
1995 – 1996
Completed(Fiscal Year 1996)
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥2,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,600,000)
|Keywords||Conducting polymer / Polypyrrole / Polyaniline / Lithium / Secondary battery / Enzyme / Bio-sensor / 導電性高分子 / ポリピロール / ポリアニリン / リチウム二次電池 / バイオセンサ / 複合体 / バイオリアクター|
Composites of LiMn_2O_4 and polypyrrole were successfully synthesized in nanotubules, and nanotubules composites were found to possess very high activities as the electrode materials for lithium secondary batteries.
The nanotubule composite electrodes were prepared using a commercially available alumina membrane which has cylindical pores (200nm, diameter) of 20x10^<10> pores/cm^2 as a template. First, Li Mn_2O_4 was synthesized in the pores and then pyrrole was polymerized in the pores using the oxide as an oxidizing agent.
The nanotubules composite of polypyrrole and LiMn_2O_4 showed the greater performances as a cathode active material for lithium secondary battery than that of a conbentional LiMn_2O_4 thin film. This enhanced performances was mostly indebted to a high specific surface area of the nanotubules electrode and to the function of polypyrrole as a conducting matrix. The effectiveness of this approach has been demonstrated also for other composites such as polyaniline and V_2O_5 and polythiophene and carbon.
The nanotubules of polypyrrole was found to work as an excellent matrix for immobilizing enzymes at a high concentration. The array of nano-capsuled enzyme worked as a high-sensitive and-selective enzyme sensor.
The conclusion is derived from this international joint project that the composites formation of conducting polymers with other materials such as metal oxides and enzymes is useful as the means of developing novel functions, and the nano-structuring of these composites is an effective way to enhance thir performance.