A Comparative Study on the Nurses' Role between Japan and the United States for the Improvement of Clients' Quality of Life
Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Section||University-to-University Cooperative Research|
|Research Institution||TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE JUNIOR COLLEGE OF NURSING|
OGISHI Emiko TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE JUNIOR COLLEGE OF NURSING,Professor, 教授 (30141229)
COVINGTON Linds MIDDLE TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NURSING, 看護学科, 教授
WAKIM Judith H MIDDLE TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF NURSING, 看護学科, 学部長
SAWAI Eimi TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE JUNIOR COLLEGE OF NURSING, 看護短期大学, 講師 (10269433)
HISADA Mituru TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE JUNIOR COLLEGE OF NURSING, 看護短期大学, 助教授 (50211503)
INOKUMA Kyouko TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL, 婦長
NAKAGAWA Youko TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE JUNIOR COLLEGE OF NURSING, 看護短期大学, 助教授 (90269431)
SATOU Noriko TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE JUNIOR COLLEGE OF NURSING, 看護短期大学, 助教授 (80269430)
TERAMACHI Yuuko TOKYO WOMEN'S MEDICAL COLLEGE JUNIOR COLLEGE OF NURSING, 看護短期大学, 教授 (30188685)
WESTWICK Car ミドルテネシー大学, 看護学科, 教授
WAKIM Judith ミドルテネシー大学, 看護学科, 学部長
野副 美樹 東京女子医科大学看護短期大学, 助手
|Project Period (FY)
1995 – 1996
Completed(Fiscal Year 1996)
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
|Keywords||Comfort / basic needs / cultural background / nursing practice / methods for interview / QOL / between Japanese and American / comparison / 国際比較 / 面接方法 / 精神看護リエゾンナース|
A dramatic development of medical technology made complicated medical treatment possible, and such a development heightens expectation for nursing among people concerned. Authers have tackled to make use of this research of 'COMFORT' to raise the quality of life (QOL) of those patients who spend life in the environment in which they take advanced medical treatment or ones who put medical instruments on while live in home. Following is interim summary of our achievement in fiscal 1996.
1. Definition of Comfort.
Comfort is defined as nursing practice which helps patient in three ways.
Help patient 1) to releave from axiety.
2) to feel easy.
3) to heighten QOL.
The 'comfort' is a nursing practice to help patient, however, depth of research of the nursing practice is in the difference in methodology to perform among different subjects.
2. Progress of the Investigation
Ninety-six items of content of the investigation in Japan and the US had been confirmed by July 1996. The content was determined, s
o that the investigation will be done with the same view point while considering cultural difference between Japan and the US.Upon implementation, we obtained agreement of subject hospitals and subject patients of investigation. We also held meetings for interviewers beforehand and held orientations about methods of interview at institutes when they required.
3. Results of the Investigation.
Subjects in the US are one hundred fifty-eight patients who use hospitals, home doctors, clinics, and doctor offices. Subjects in Japan are two hundreds eighty-eight patients who use six polyclinic (general) hospitals which spread over prefectures. The investigation still continues, so this is a summary for the interim report. The result indicates that these subjects from both countries are highly interested in items which are related to life-support and the nursing care has already been performed. However, in spite of high interest by patients, the living environment of the patients by then hasn't made a point. The differences between two countries are thought to be methods for make contact and for expression. How these are related to cultural background will be a future assignment, but it is clear that comfort is deeply related to fulfilllment (sufficiency) of basic needs. Less
Research Output (10results)