Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Priority Areas (A)
|Research Institution||The University of Tokyo|
MISONO Makoto UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO,GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING,PROFESSOR, 大学院・工学系研究科, 教授 (20011059)
IWAMOTO Masakazu HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY,CATALYSIS RESEARCH CENTER,PROFESSOR, 触媒化学研究センター, 教授 (10108342)
HATTORI Tadasi NAGOYA UNIVERSITY,SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING,PROFESSOR, 難処理人工物研究センター, 教授 (50023172)
INUI Tomoyuki KYOTO UNIVERSITY,GRADUATE SCHOOL of ENGINEERING,PROFESSOR, 大学院工学研究科, 教授 (60025989)
ONO Yosio TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT of CHEMICAL ENGINEERING,PROFESSOR, 工学部, 教授 (10016397)
KIKUCHI Eiichi WASEDA UNIVERSITY,SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING,PROFESSOR, 理工学部, 教授 (90063734)
瀬川 幸一 上智大学, 理工学部, 教授 (60053675)
水野 哲孝 東京大学, 大学院工学系研究科, 助教授 (50181904)
野依 良治 名古屋大学, 大学院理学研究科, 教授 (50022554)
諸岡 良彦 東京工業大学, 資源化学研究所, 教授 (70016731)
冨永 博夫 東京大学, 名誉教授 (00010760)
田部 浩三 北海道大学, 名誉教授 (30000730)
吉田 善一 京都大学, 名誉教授 (60025814)
井口 洋夫 岡崎国立共同研究機構, 名誉教授 (00100826)
田丸 謙二 山口東京理科大学, 基礎工学部, 学部長 (40011415)
|Project Fiscal Year
1995 – 1998
Adopted(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥40,900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥40,900,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥3,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥9,800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥9,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥13,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥13,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥14,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥14,400,000)
|Keywords||固体触媒 / 触媒材料 / 触媒設計 / 固体反応場 / 先導的環境触媒 / 特殊反応場の構築 / 触媒活性点のデザイン / 分子ダイナミックス / solid catalyst / material for catalyst / catalyst design / solid state reaction field / environmental catalyst / unique reaction field / design of active site / molecular dynamics / 個体触媒|
The successful results have been obtained in the following five groups.
(A01) The Purpose of A01 group was to design active centers for the unique reaction field at atomic/molecular levels, taking into account the clear descriptions of the active centers and actual conditions of environmental catalysis. Successful achievements have been obtained in (1) the fields of heteropolyacids catalysts for molecular design and the application, (2) surface science and theoretical chemistry as tools for catalyst design and (3) model reactions for the proposal of unique reaction fields and the indentification.
(A02) Catalytic chemistry in multifunctional reaction fields was investigated on the purpose of designing the catalyst which can function in the critical conditions as environmental catalysts should work. Success in improvement of catalytic performance has been obtained by (1) combination with multicatalytic (chemical) functions, (2) utilization of photo-and electo-functions, (3) intoroduction o
f membrane separation and adsorption.
(A03) Zeolites and mesoporous materials are main topics. As for zeolites, studies covers the synthesis of large crystals, surface structures, dynamics of protons, base-catalyzed reactions, methanol-to-ethylene reaction, and ammoximation. New organic zeolites were also synthesized. As for microporous materials, were studied new synthetic strategies, accurate cotrol of the pore sizes, trimethylsililation and catalic reactions.
(A04) The project of A04 group aims at examining dynamics of molecules in the unique and extreme reaction fields in collaboration with about 20 researchers in catalytic chemistry, chemical reaction engineering, computer chemistry and so on. Some important results were obtained to construct new concept for the design of next-generation catalysts and to establish a new field of "molecular reaction engineering".
(A05) In the research group for hydrodesulfurization, it has been found that a mixture of metal oxide and zeolite was active for the reaction and the active site in Co-Mo catalysts is the Co ion interacted with Mo ions. The researchers for de NOx systems have confirmed the two-stage oxidation of Cu^+ ions to Cu_<2+> ions depending on the reaction temperature and the degree of ion exchange. The new method in which a reductant is introduced between the oxidation catalyst of NO to NO_2 and the reduction catalyst of NOx has been evidenced to be very useful to increase the effectiveness of the reductant. Less