Studies on Prediction of Drying Shrinkage Cracking of High strength and fluidity Concrete
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants|
|Research Institution||Oita University|
NAGAMATSU Seiki Oita University, Architectural Engineering, Professor, 工学部, 教授 (70037828)
TAKEDA Yoshitsugu Nishi-nippon Institute of Technology, Associate Professor, 工学部, 助教授 (70125160)
KIYOHRA Chizuru Oita University, Architectural Engineering, Reserch Associate, 工学部, 助手 (00284787)
SATO Yoshiaki Oita University, Architectural Engineering, Associate Professor, 工学部, 教授 (30038111)
高野 正光 大分大学, 工学部, 助手 (30206784)
|Project Period (FY)
1995 – 1996
Completed(Fiscal Year 1996)
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥3,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,500,000)
|Keywords||High strenth concrete / High fluidity concrete / Drying shrinkage / Drying shrinkage cracking / Drying shrinkage stress / Moisture gradient / Young's modulus / Creep / 乾燥 / ひびわれ / 乾燥収縮ひずみ / 拘束 / 微粉末 / シリカヒューム / アコースティックエミッション|
1.Mechnical properties of high strength and fluidity concrete
First, the mix proportion designs for high strength and fluidity concrete were studied. Next, the compressive strength, Young's modulus and drying shrinkage of these concrete were measurd. In order to discuss these experimental results based on "composite theory" , the compressive strength Young's modulus and drying shrinkage of cement paste of low water-cement ratio were mesured.
An mathematical expression for estimating Young's modulus of concrete was proposed in this study.
Experimental results showed drying shrinkage of high strength and fluidity concrete was not only influenced by unit water content but by water-cemnt ratio.
Creep of cement paste was also measured.
2.Changes in the strength of high strength concrete specimens which were laid in a drying atmosphere at the various starting ages of drying
Changes of the compressive, tensile, flexural and splitting strength of high strength concrete specimens exposd to drying at the age of 3,7,28,112 were tested. The results showed that the tendancy of the change of the strength was larger in high strength concrete than in normal strength one.
The stress analysis was also done for drying concrete specimens from a point of view that these changes in the strength were caused by the drying shrinkage stress generated in concrete specimens during dryness.
3.Cracking tests due to drying shrinkage of concrete and analysis of drying shrinkage stresses in concrete
Cracking tests due to dring shrinkage of concrete were carried out according to JIS draft. The tensile forces generated in confined concrete specimens were known by mesuering the strain of the restraint steel frame. Next, the prediction of cracking due to drying shrinkage was discussed based on comparing these forces with the tensile strength of concrete.
Research Output (17results)