Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Research Institution||Daido Institute of Technology|
KOTOGUCHI Hisao Daido Institute of Technology, Civil Engineering Dept., Professor, 工学部, 教授 (60047305)
波田野 英明 中日本建設コンサルタント(株), 設計部, 課長
MIZUSAWA Tomisaku Daido Institute of Technology, Civil Engineering Dept., Professor, 工学部, 教授 (60113081)
MIKI Toshihiro Daido Institute of Technology, Civil Engineering Dept., Associate Professor, 工学部, 助教授 (90137175)
羽田野 英明 中日本建設コンサルタント(株), 設計部, 課長
HATANO Hideaki Naka-Nihon Kensetsu Consultant Co, Ltd., Engineering Division, Head of Section
|Project Fiscal Year
1995 – 1996
Completed(Fiscal Year 1996)
|Budget Amount *help
¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
|Keywords||frame / earthquake response / variable cross-section / connection / collapse modes / design method / 変断面 / ラーメン橋脚 / 隅角部 / 地震応答 / 非弾性 / 崩壊モード / 断面構造 / 断面構成 / 鋼製ラーメン / 非弾性地震応答|
This project studies the inelastic earthquake response of steel portal frames with variable cross-section numerically and experimentally. The conclusions can be summarized as follows :
(1) Experimental study
1) Six test specimens for variable cross-section frames were tested up to failure under the condition of constant vertical and alternating horizontal loads.
2) The three different collapse modes appeared due to the variable cross-section.
3) These test results were arranged to compare with the numerical results.
(2) Numerical study
1) Transformation matrix of web plates in shear is derived in order to consider the elasto-plastic behavior of beam-to-column connections as well as the vicinity of the center of beam.
2) Some appropriate parameters with respect to yielding of beam, columns and connections are defined to classify the collapse modes of frames.
3) The collapse mode with the plastic deformation only within the middle cross-section of columns is unfavorable, because the significant cumulative plastic strain leads to the local buckling.
4) The center part of beam cannot aid in energy dissipation without heavy damage due to the small resistance force.
5) The plasticity of the center of beam depends on the beam span-column depth ratio.
6) the damage at the center of beams of steel framed piers in Hyogoken-Nanbu Earthquake is highly related to the difference between the resistance forces of beams with variable cross-section and panel zones.
7) The favorable collapse pattern of portal frames is to restrict the plastic deformation within the column base part and panel zones of beam-to-column connections.
8) The fundamental idea for designing the variable cross-section is to dissipate energy in the cross-section with large resistant stress-resultants such as column base barts and panel zones.