The Relationship between Moving Sound Image and Directional Orientation without Visual Information
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)
|Research Institution||Ibaraki University|
SASAKI Tadayuki Ibaraki University, Fuculty of Education, assistant professor, 教育学部, 助教授 (50225877)
|Project Fiscal Year
1995 – 1997
Completed(Fiscal Year 1997)
|Budget Amount *help
¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
|Keywords||Visual Handicap / Mobility Aids / Directional Orientation / Sound Stimulus / Moving Sound Image / Rihabilitation / Walk / Blind / 視覚障害 / 歩行 / 方向定位 / 音刺激 / 移動音像 / リハビリテーション|
The purposes of this study were to examine the relationship between auditory information and directional orientation during walking or postural control, and then to discuss the role of auditory information for directional orientation during walking or postural control in blind persons.
The relationship between directional orientation and auditory information was investigated. The subjects were 12 sight and 15 blind. The subjects with their eyes closed stepped on circular mat in 8 auditory conditions for 120 seconds.
(1) In the no-tone condition, the subjects rotated in stepping, so it was apparently not effectiv for directional orientation.
(2) In the speaker-tone conditions, most subjects stepped almost without any rotation. In other words these conditions were effectiv for directional orientaion.
(3) In the earphone-tone conditions, the subjects rotated the same as in no-tone condition. Thus there were apparently not effectiv for directional orientation.
The relationship between postural control and auditory information was investigated. The subjects were 9 sight adults. The subjects attached two earphones stood stationary and upright on a strain-gauge platform with their eyes closed. Magnitude of body sway for 130 seconds was measured using the platform. In the no-tone condition, the subjects stood without auditory information from the earphones. In the moving-tone condition, tone moving periodically to lateral direction was emitted from the earphones. In the no-moving-tone condition, no-moving tone was emitted from the earphones.
Magnitude of body sway in the moving-tone or the no-moving-tone condition was larger than that in the no-tone condition. Magnitude of body sway in moving-tone condition was larger than that in the no-moving-tone condition. Magnitude of lateral sway remarkably increased in the moving-tone condition.
When the tone moving periodically to lateral direction was emitted, the subjects were not able to walk straight and stably. In case of presentation of obstacle information with audible sound by mobility aids for the blind, it is necessary to be careful to keep safe walking. Less
Research Output (2results)