|Budget Amount *help
¥2,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,500,000)
This report consist of three studies which examined the effects of socio-emotional and task relevant interpersonal relationships on individuals' well-being.
The first study revealed two interesting results about acquaintance process of socio-emotional relationships. First, although the negative impact pf socio-emotional relationships on early adaptation processes of freshmen to their university life was strong but not persistent, the positive impact of them was not strong, but persistent. Second, in the period near after university entrance, interpersonal relationships of university freshmen with their friends reflected their parents' child rearing attitude. But six months after, child rearing attitude of freshmen's parents had little impact to their friend relationships. Especially this was true for freshmen whose parents were not overprotective in their child-rearing. As for freshmen whose parents were overprotective, rearing attitudes persistently influenced freshmen's friend relatio
nship. According to these result and some previous findings, stability of people's identity were thought to mediates the process in which socio-emotional relationships influence their early adaptation processes to the environment.
The second study showed that the sex role attitude of male employees moderates relations between their interpersonal relationships relevant to work (below descried as 'work relationship') and ones irrelevant to work (below descried as 'non-work relationship'). As for men who had traditional sex role attitude, the relation between work relationships and non-work relationships was stronger than as for men who had egalitarian sex role attitude. And the work relationship had strong impact to adaptation of men with traditional sex role attitude, but non-work relationships had strong impact to adaptation with egalitarian sex role attitude.
The third study was conducted to clarify the role of work and non-work relationships in two kinds of adaptation processes among nurses. One was relevent to the burnout tendency which is a typical symptom at work situation in human service, other was the general symptom which was measured by general health questionnaire. The results of this study were as follows. On the one hand work relationships influence the nurses' burnout tendency, but on the other hand non-work relationships influence their general symptoms. And non-work relationship moderated the influences of work relationships to nurses' burnout tendency. Although as for the nurses who has comfortable non-work relationship, the work relationships has strong impact to their hurnout tendencies, as for their counterpart, work relationship had little impact to their burnout tendency.