|Budget Amount *help
¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
This study aims to analyze how images on the Koreans in Japan have been formed and transformed among the Japanese in the post-World War II period. Data for this study are as follow : articles on Koreans appeared on the Kyoto Shinbun (newspaper) which is widely-read local newspaper in Kyoto ; questionnaires distributed among the students lof Ritsumeikan University whom I taught cultural anthropology in 1996 ; life histories of some koreans in Kyoto, Kawasaki, Arakawa and Fukuoka between 1995 and 1997 ; and witten materials.
It has been pointed out by some scholars that newspapers had great infuence on the formation of negative images of the Koreans before World War II.However, in post-World War II,treatment of articles on the Koreans has changed. Immediately after World War II,it was relatively distorted and discriminative, and quantitatively it was limited. This trend went on until late 1960's. In other words, we seldom find articles with positive images of Koreans. Some researches on the Korean images carried out during the 1950's and 1960's found that the Koreans were imaged "unlean""tricky""mean" among lthe Japanese. However, especially since 1980's, the articles on the Koreans have transformed both qualitatively and quatitatively. The range of the articles have become more wide from political to cultural aspects which we could seldom find in the 1950's and 1960's. The number of articles has increased dramatically. In addition to that, articles affecting to create more positive images have increased. But, from the result of the analysis of the questionnaire, it is pointed out that images on the Koreans held among the young Japanese have just transformed to "ambiguous" negative-images from clearly negative-ones in the old days.