|Budget Amount *help
¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥200,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥200,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Shakespeare's plays are unusually rich in dream imagery and dream motifs. Many of them, how even, are based on the conventional idea of dreams, in which they are considued to be either forebodings or insubstantial illusions. At hie some time, he was one of the feus, or perhaps even the first, who could perceive the real significance that the dream and imaginative reality held for men.
In order to know the extend of his debt to traditional and conventional approaches, we have made a historical survey of man's attitudes towards from primitive society, through ancient Greece and Rome, to Renaissance England, and found out that the primitive man's attitude which even deified the dream changed throughout ages into a move ambivalent one, in which belief and disbelief, respect and scorn were often mixed, or alternated. On this tradition, other dramatist based their dream devices, if they even used them. Shakespeare, on the other hand, reveals in his major tragedies an entirely new and unique concept of the dream and imaginative reality which anticipates the Romantics and even modern psychologists.