|Budget Amount *help
¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥400,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
(The Basic Study on the nine Concepts concerning "Composition" in the Modern French Architectural Theory)
In this paper, the nine concepts concerning "Composition" in the modern French architectural theory is analyzed through "Encyclopedie methodiqe. Architecture" by A.-Ch.Quatremere de Quincy and "Precis des lecons d'architecture" by J.-N.-L..Durand. The concepts concerning "Composition" are disposition, distribution, construction, structure, composition, conception, ordonnance, combinaison, and economie (economy). Among these nine Concepts, the concept of economy is most important. By the analysis of Quatremere de Quincy's and Durand's "Oeuvres" , I made it clear. That is to say, I found out the fact that economy is related to beauty and order. The six architectural principles and the three architectural "ratio" of Vitruvius were succeeded to modern French architectural theory. But, their contents were greatly transformed. The way of grasping the meaning of economy indicates it. Economy is not only the concept concerning money matters, but also the concept concerning plastic composition. Particularly, architectural economy controls the use of the architectural language, just as economy which Michel Foucault described controls the use of language. There is the order of architectural discourse. It is "economy" that orders, restricts, rarefies the use of architectural language. From this point of view, economy is the most important architectural principle in the modern French architectural theory. In the Vitruvius's theory, economy was identical with distribution. But, in the modern French architectural theory, economy was identical with beauty. In other words, economy prescribed the order of architectural language.