Study on characteristic motions of small particles in a gas mixture
Project/Area Number  07651122 
Research Category 
GrantinAid for Scientific Research (C)

Section  一般 
Research Field 
Aerospace engineering

Research Institution  KYOTO UNIVERSITY 
Principal Investigator 
AOKI Kazuo Kyoto University, Graduate School of Engineering, Professor, 工学研究科, 教授 (10115777)

CoInvestigator(Kenkyūbuntansha) 
DOI Toshiyuki College of Industrial Technology, Research Associate, 助手 (00227688)
SUGIMOTO Hiroshi Kyoto University, Graduate School of Engineering, Lecturer, 工学研究科, 講師 (50222055)
TAKATA Shigeru Kyoto University, Graduate School of Engineering, Lecturer, 工学研究科, 講師 (60271011)

Project Fiscal Year 
1995 – 1996

Project Status 
Completed(Fiscal Year 1996)

Budget Amount *help 
¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥1,600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,600,000)

Keywords  Thermophoresis / Diffusophoresis / Molecular Gas Dynamics / Boltzmann Equation / Kinetic Theory of Gases / Rarefied Gas Dynamics / Aerosol Particle / 熱泳動 / 拡散泳動 / 分子気体力学 / ボルツマン方程式 / 気体分子運動論 / 希薄気体力学 / エアロゾル粒子 / 拡散泳動 
Research Abstract 
1.Study of fundamental properties of the Boltzmann equation for a binary gas mixture The collision term of the Boltzmann equation for a simple gas is simplified from a fivefold into a threefold integral for a hardsphere molecular gas. We carried out the corresponding simplification of the collision terms for a binary gas mixture to make it possible to construct numerical kernel of them and clarified the properties of the solution for a gas with a uniform temperature or density gradient, which playd a fundamental role to analyze the thermophoresis or diffusophoresis problem in a gas mixture. Based on the above results, we developed a set of fluid dynamic type equations and their associated boundary conditions to describe the behavior of a gas mixture for small Knudsen numbers, a part of which will be presented in the near future. 2.Stydy of new types of rarefied gas flow induced by a temperature field We showed a new type of rarefied gas flow induced rather strongly near the edges of a heated or cooled body numerically by the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method and clarified the physical mechanism of it, which should be taken into account in considering the motion of slender particles. In addition, we pointed out that, for the case of intermediate or large Knudsen numbers, a flow was induced by the direct effect of the geometry of bodies or their surrounding boundaries and presented an example of the flow, which was also a new type of rarefied gas flow. 3.Study of the drag and thermal force on a sphere in a simple gas We reviewed the existing works on the drag and thermal force on a sphere in a simple gas and summarized our group works based on the rigorous analysis or numerical analysis of the Boltzmann equation in a useful form for a wide range of researchers.

Report
(4results)
Research Output
(18results)