|Budget Amount *help
¥1,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,700,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥500,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the process of changing and developping of the family function as a result of care of aged people. For the changes in famiry function, the caring function was focused in this study. The scales to evaluate caring function were developed based on the care components proposed by Leininger, i.e, 3 factors, consisting of 28 items ; Factor 1 : 16 items for emotional adn behavial suporting Factor 2 : 6 items for estranging , Factor 3 : 6 items for accepting, and their reliability and appropriateness were examined. Using these scales, families of aged people 1) at the time of healty condition, 2) at the time of admissin to hospital, 3) during hospitalization, and 4) after leaving hospital were studied and their changing process was clarified. Furthermore, factors effective on developping the family caring functions and the supporting system were studied.
1. Among family caring functions, the Factor 1 is largely variable according to the degree of necce
ssity of the care. But even during the hospitalization when bihavioral support markedly decreased, it was kept at a certain level because of compensation by emotional support. The Factor 2 declined remarkably during the hospitalization compared with before admision, and participation of estranging or other negative items were decreased because of leaving from the care temporarity. The Factor 3 indicated little variation at the time of healty condition or during and after hospitalization, saggesting that it is a relatively stable scales.
2. Factors related to the caring indices were analyzed using a multiple regression model, and concluded as follow as : Regarding the Factor 1, a system making care with some distance or a strong appeal for visiting the patients during the hospitalization were found to be effective. With regard to the Factor 2, care supporting or effective utilization of hospital care were useful, because the stress due to care is most influential. The support to the Factor 1 and 2, excluding the Factor3 in which the relation to aged people has been commonly observed, showed a good rezult in improving family caring function.