|Budget Amount *help
¥1,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,200,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
The development of physics in 1930's Germany had been very active for succession of the establishment of Quantum Mechanics, X-ray Crystalography, Radio-Activities, and soon. But, after 1933, the Nazis rising to political power, the scientific research in Germany became to be given the request of the National Policy as well as research on physics.
"Kaiser Wilhelm-Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Wissenschaften (KWW) ", including 36 reseach labolatories and the most famous institution at that time in Germany, was also became to be directed in National Socialism. There was a German physicist who tried to introduce the nasionalism into physics, and Stark, Johannes was his name. Between 1906 and 1922 he tought successively at the universities of Gottingen, Hannover, Aachen, Griefswald, and Wurzburg. At this point his academic career came to an end. Despite the award of the Nobel Prize for physics in 1919 his attempt to return to academic life was not successful and he had been rejected by six German universities by 1928. Thus Stark began to drift into Nazi circles and in 1930 joined the party. Stark made a real bid for the control of German science. In 1933, although he was rejected by the prussian Academy of Science, he succeeded in obtaining the presidency of the Imperial Institute of Physics and Technology. His attempt was to gain control of German Physics.
Contrasted to this, almost of the German physisists was to make efforts on true way of physics.