|Budget Amount *help
¥2,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥800,000 (Direct Cost : ¥800,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥900,000 (Direct Cost : ¥900,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥600,000 (Direct Cost : ¥600,000)
In perspective for the new type of environment ethics based in the human activities related with nature, the way of social modes of technology, which is included science and technology in modem age and traditional subsistence technology, will become a central subject. In other words, science and technology ethics will be important. Then, the research from the point of view in the philosophy of science and technology is indispensable for the environment ethics research. As the theoretical framework to analyze the social modes of technology, I advocated a new theory called 'theory of social linkages", in which the phases of the networks of two kinds of linkages are discussed, socio-economical linkages and cultural-spiritual linkages. Furthermore, it will be very effective to study the characteristics of "minor subsistence" technologies to be examined in the theoretical framework.
It has been appeared that whaling technologies is inadequacy in present to examine this theoretical framework. Because historical materials in whaling technologies is decisively lacking to study this problem in short term. The cases of the lawsuits related 'The rights of nature" are more suited and important for this purpose, m which cases "minor subsistence" technologies are more effective to study these issues. Then, the two cases of the lawsuit were examined, Amami-oshima Island (Tatsugo town), Kagoshima Pref and Isahaya Bay, Nagasaki Pref. The new modem technologies for development were examined and compared with "minor subsistence" technologies that have been fostered traditionally in each area. The concept of "the right of the nature" advocated in the lawsuits is differs from the concept in the environment ethics in the western society. And it can become a theoretical base of the new framework of environment ethics.