|Budget Amount *help
¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥200,000)
Fiscal Year 1995 : ¥1,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,100,000)
1.The purpose of the present study was to compare the thermoregulatory responses to exercise of children with those of college students, aiming to examine the characteristics of thermoregulatory responses of children to exercise at two different work intensities, based on their physical exercise training.
2.Five healthy school boys (11 years) and five college students (20 years) conducted bicycle exercise at work intensities of approximate 30 and 60% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO_<2max>) at thermoneutrality (25ﾟC with a relative humidity of 50%). Whole-body sweat rate (SR), rectal (T_<re>), mean skin (T_<sk>) and mean body (T_b) temperatures, oxygen uptake (VO_2), and heart rate (HR) were measured. We estimated heat balance at rest and during exercise.
3.During exercise at 30 and 60% VO_<2max>, SR was significantly lower in children than in the adult men. HR,T_<re> and T_b were significantly higher in the children than in the adult men in both work conditions.
4.There were no significant d
ifferences in VO_2, as an index of heat production, in both adult men and work intensities. At higher work intensity, lower SR in children was observed at any given T_<re> and T_b, as compared with adult men.
5.When T_b and T_<re> were plotted against SR during exercise, the positive significant correlations were found in both groups, except SR vs. T_<sk> relation which was not significant in children. Analysis co-variance revealed a significant difference of the intercept between the regression lines of children and adult men in both work intensities. The data showed that there was a parallel shift (rightward) in the SR to T_b or T_<re> relationship during exercise in children and adult men. The data showed that there was a parallel shift (rightward) in the SR to T_b or T_<re> relationship during exercise in the children.
6.In conclusion, the children's ability to dissipate heat during exercise at higher work intensity is different from that of adult men. We are to consider a physical exercise planning for preadrescet school boys