Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research
|Allocation Type||Single-year Grants |
|Research Institution||Nagoya University |
KONDO Yutaka Nagoya Univ.Solar Terr.Env.Lab., Professor, 太陽地球環境研究所, 教授 (20110752)
KITA Kazuyuki Tokyo Univ.School of Sciences., Res.Assoc., 理学研究科, 助手 (30221914)
OGAWA Toshihiro Tokyo Univ.School of Sciences., Professor, 理学研究科, 教授 (70011616)
MURATA Isao Tohoku Univ.School of School of Sciences., Res.Assoc., 理学研究科, 助手
NAKAJIMA Hedeaki Nagoya Univ.Solar Terr.Env.Lab, Res.Assoc., 太陽地球環境研究所, 助手 (20217722)
KOIKE Makoto Nagoya Univ.Sotar Terr.Env.Lab., Res.Assoc., 太陽地球環境研究所, 助手 (00225343)
CARROLL M.A. ミシガン大学, 大気海洋宇宙科学科, 教授
LILEY B. ニュージーランド国立水圏大気圏研究所, 主任研究員
JACOB D.J. ハーバード大学, 地球惑星物理学科, 教授
塩谷 雅人 北海道大学, 地球環境科学研究科, 助教授 (50192604)
河村 公隆 北海道大学, 低温科学研究所, 教授 (70201449)
北田 敏廣 豊橋技術科学大学, エコロジー工学系, 教授 (40093231)
|Project Period (FY)
Completed (Fiscal Year 1996)
|Budget Amount *help
¥8,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥8,800,000)
Fiscal Year 1996: ¥8,800,000 (Direct Cost: ¥8,800,000)
|Keywords||Tropospheric ozone / OH radical / Reactive nitrogen / Greenhouse effect / Western Pacific / Aircraft / Tropical region / Southern hemisphere|
Tropospheric ozone (O_3) is one of the important greenhouse gases. This fact was a common knowledge in the research field of atmospheric radiation, but it has been recently re-focused in the atmospheric environmental science. Atmospheric ozone also plays an important role in controlling a number of reactions. For example, photolysis of ozone by ultraviolet radiation leads to the production of OH,which scavenges many important trace gases including CH _4, HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) and CO.
NASA conducted the aircraft mission PEM-Tropics, which was aimed to study tropospheric chemistry over tropical and southern hemispheric Pacific Ocean. Two kinds of aircraft were operated to measure reactive nitrogen and other precursor species. Observations were made over the west coast of south America and over the central Pacific near Hawaii and New Zealand in September and October, 1996. Aircraft measurements were made successfully and the data is being processed. The finalized data will be archived in the NASA data base. Air descends over south American region during this period due to Walker circulation. Low levels of H_2O and high levels of O_3 observed in the upper troposphere is consistent with this transport. We made cooperated efforts with scientists of University of Michigan for this program. Systematic analyzes are to be made using the Archived data available in near future.
We made site visit to Indonesia in August 1996 in order to prepare for the aircraft mission planned in 1997-1999. Cooperation with LAPAN on ground based measurements during aircraft observations was discussed. Also we invited a scientist from National Institute of Water and Atmosphere (NIWA) of New Zealand to discuss aerosol measurements inn technical detail.