STUDIES ON THE LAND IMPROVEMENT IN THE SALINE SOIL AREA
Grant-in-Aid for International Scientific Research.
|Section||University-to-University Cooperative Research|
|Research Institution||IWATE UNIVERSITY|
OTA Yoshinobu IWATE Univ.Dep.of Agr., Prof., 農学部, 教授 (60003787)
孫 長占 吉林農業大学, 教授
張 盛文 吉林農業大学, 副教授
趙 蘭坡 吉林農業大学, 教授
楊 志超 吉林農業大学, 教授
尚 慶昌 吉林農業大学, 教授
BABA Hidekazu IWATE Univ.Dep.of Agr., Prof., 農学部, 教授 (80003789)
原 道宏 岩手大学, 農学部, 助教授 (80003763)
SAIGA Suguru IWATE Univ.Dep.of Agr., Prof., 農学部, 教授 (10183360)
MIWA Hajime IWATE Univ.Dpt.of Agr., Prof., 農学部, 教授 (30107180)
井上 克弘 岩手大学, 農学部, 教授 (30035109)
遜 長占 吉林農業大学, 教授
ZHAO Lanpuo JILIN AGRICULTURAL Univ., Prof.
SUN Changzhan JILIN AGRICULTURAL Univ., Prof.
|Project Fiscal Year
1996 – 1998
Completed(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥6,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥6,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥2,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥2,100,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,100,000)
|Keywords||alkali saline soil / physical and chemical properties of saline soil / vegetation in saline soil / glassland in saline soil area / field in saline soil area / paddy field in saline soil area / アルカリ塩類土 / 塩類土の理化学特性 / 塩類土の植生 / 塩類土地帯の草地 / 塩類土地帯の畑作 / 塩類土地帯の水田 / 塩類土の物理特性 / 塩類土の畑作物 / 低水温水田 / 粘質土の草地|
1. In 1996, we, the scientists of the Agronomy Department of Iwate University and Jilin Agricultural University, chose an experimental region of typical saline-soil at the western area of Taonan city, Jilin province, and conducted the field investigation. As the results of physical and chemical analyses of the soil, bulk density was 1.6 - 1.7, percentage of solid phase was 60%, soil showed high alkalinity at 9 - 10 pH, and the salts accumulated in the topsoil was mainly sodium carbonate, the soil texture was silty clay or heavy clay. There was no problem in water quality including pH and EC for paddy fields but water temperature was low.
2. In 1997 and 1998, the following three experiments were conducted at Shenjiangzi village being a typical saline-soil region, Daan city, Jilin province.
Experiment to recover grassland : One of the most important factors that caused the degeneration of grassland is overgrazing in this area. So, the effect of keeping-off livestock temporally from grassla
nd were investigated using natural grassland of 650 ha. From the control plot, great effect was observed in recovering vegetation and in the productivity of the grassland.
Experiment to improve saline-soil field : The relationships between the amount of soil conditioner and crop growth were investigated for corn cultivation. A combined treatment of multing film and applying aluminum sulfate or gypsum improved corn yield drastically even in the areas where were not suitable for crop production.
Experiment to improve saline-soil paddy-field : The effect of irrigation to the leaching of saline, to rice growth and productivity were investigated. When subterranean water pumped up from 8O m below ground was used, rice production rose up to 6,000 kg / ha. High productivity can be expected in the areas where subterranean water is plenty enough for rice cultivation and drainage canal are equipped.
(3) アルカリ塩類土壌水田の改良試験: 灌漑水による土壌中の塩分溶脱の効果、水稲の生育と収量、土壌の理化学的性質の変化等を調べた。塩類汚染のない地下80m位の被圧地下水を小型ポンプで汲み上げて、灌漑初期に表面土壌の塩類を何度も洗い流すという方法を採用している。水源に恵まれ排水路がある場合には、6,000kg/haの収量(籾)が得られることが判明した。 Less
Research Output (5results)
[Publications] OTA,Y., BABA,H., INOUE,K., SAIGA,S., HARA,M.and MIWA,H.: "Studies on the land improvement in the saline soil area in the northeast China (Part 1) -Analysis of saline soil-" Tohoku Branch Report of the Japanese Society of Agricultural Machinery. No.44. 87-90 (1997)