Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)
|Research Institution||Waseda University|
AGARI Ichiro School of Human Sciences, Professor, 人間科学部, 教授 (50034559)
NISHIMURA Ryoji School of Medicine, Hiroshima University, Professor, 医学部, 教授 (10122722)
SUGIWAKA Hiroko Nara University of Education, Associate Professor, 助教授 (90257171)
UECHI Yasuaki Hyougo University of Teacher's Education, Professor, 教授 (60034667)
YAMAMOTO Asako College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, Associate Professor, 文理学部, 助教授 (70200780)
NEDATE Kaneo School of Human Sciences, Professor, 人間科学部, 教授 (20156160)
|Project Fiscal Year
1996 – 1998
Completed(Fiscal Year 1998)
|Budget Amount *help
¥4,500,000 (Direct Cost : ¥4,500,000)
Fiscal Year 1998 : ¥1,000,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,000,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥1,300,000 (Direct Cost : ¥1,300,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥2,200,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,200,000)
|Keywords||bereavement and ross / grief response / PTSD / self-help group / psychotherapy / 喪失体験 / 悲嘆反応 / セルフヘルプグループ / 心理療法 / EMDR / 死別の受容 / 心理的援助|
1.A Study on Strategies of Psychotherapeutic Helpings for the Bereaved
Reminiscence as a psychotherapy was applied to 5 eldelies who experienced bereavements.
The main findings ax as follows :
(1)Reminiscence improves emotional stability and interpersonal relationships.
(2)Reminiscence plays a role in helping to alleviate the depression and encouraging the reorganization of past experience.
2.A Study of the Factors Related to the Psychological Process of the Bereaved
The survey about bereavement and psychological process of "acceptance of grief" was conducted with 246 undergraduate students and semi-structured interview was applied to some of them.
The main results obtained are as follows :
(1)Ninety percent of the students experienced bereavement.
(2)Fifteen types of mental disorders (depression, Anxiety disorders, etc.) occurred as the grief responses of bereavement. But they tended to decrease after funerals.
3.A Study on Strategies of Psychotherapeutic Helpings for the Bereaved hit by the Earthquake
In this study, a self-help group consisting of the bereaved hit by the earthquake was supported.
The main findings are as follows :
(1)Members naturally exchanged information and talked of their severe experiences with one another.
(2)It takes much time for the bereaved to accept the grief of loss.