KAKIZAWA Toshihumi University of Tsukuba Institute of Special Education, Assistant Prof., 心身障害学系, 講師 (80211837)
IWASAKI Nobuaki University of Tsukuba lnstitute of Clinical Medicine, Assistant Prof., 臨床医学系, 講師 (70251006)
SAITOU Sawa University of Tsukuba Institute of Special Educatuion, Professor, 心身障害学系, 講師 (00015819)
|Budget Amount *help
¥3,400,000 (Direct Cost : ¥3,400,000)
Fiscal Year 1997 : ¥700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥700,000)
Fiscal Year 1996 : ¥2,700,000 (Direct Cost : ¥2,700,000)
In this study, at first, a program was developed which instructs children with severe motor impairments acquire communication skills through augmentative communication devises. Then, the efficiency of the program was examined through three children with Werdnig-Hoffmann disease.
The program was elaborated in 1996 for the children with Werdnig-Hoffmann discase whose language expressions were remarkably limited. It consisted of three areas, "devise control", "letter-learning", and "daily communication". Each area was divided into small steps, and the goal was set up for each child to gain communication ability with computer use in the daily living. The three children actually tried the program in 1997. As a result, they all acquired the devise control skills. Besides, two of them appeared to have improved Hiragana sounds and language expressions. Finally, the program was reevaluated and was partly revised based on the evidence of the study.
In conclusion, unsolved problems, such as application of their acquired skills to the daily living situations and extensive practice of the program, must be studied further in the future.